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Solutions for Chapter 4.9: How Specific Rotation Is Measured
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Polymers that are formed via cationic addition, anionic addition, or free-radical addition.
For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is parallel to a vertical axis passing through the center of the ring.
A [3,3] sigmatropic rearrangement that is observed for allylic vinylic ethers.
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
A polynucleotide in which the sugar component is deoxyribose. (Section 24.10)
The resonance-stabilized conjugate base of a ketone, aldehyde, or ester.
Diastereomers that differ from each other in the configuration of only one chirality center.
The splitting of a large nucleus into two smaller ones. (Section 21.6)
Fourier-transform NMR (FT-NMR)
In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, a technique in which the sample is irradiated with a short pulse that covers the entire range of relevant rf frequencies.
A protein, particularly rich in the basic amino acids lysine and arginine, that is found associated with DNA molecules
A reaction that involves the addition of H and X (either Br or Cl) across an alkene.
hydronium ion 1H3O+2
The predominant form of the proton in aqueous solution. (Section 16.2)
Radiation that has sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule, thereby ionizing it. (Section 21.9)
The sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of a particular atom. (Section 2.3)
Points in an atom at which the electron density is zero. For example, the node in a 2s orbital is a spherical surface. (Section 6.6)
A form of isomerism in which the two forms of a compound (stereoisomers) are nonsuperimposable mirror images. (Section 23.4)
The energy that can be released if given an opportunity
Rate determining step
The step in a multistep reaction sequence that crosses the highest energy barrier.
sp3 Hybrid orbital
A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and three 2p atomic orbitals.
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an SO3H group is installed on an aromatic ring.
A prefi x meaning across from.