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Solutions for Chapter 4.9: How Specific Rotation Is Measured
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
The species temporarily formed by the reactant molecules as a result of the collision before they form the product. (13.4)
The binding of molecules to a surface. (Section 14.7)
A compound that possesses a carbon-carbon double bond.
A region of a polymer in which nearby chains are not linearly extended and are not parallel to one another.
Center of symmetry
A point so situated that identical components of an object are located on opposite sides and equidistant from that point along any axis passing through it.
A strong attractive force that exists between atoms in a molecule. (Section 8.1)
Compounds containing only covalent bonds. (9.4)
The process of preparing a less concentrated solution from a more concentrated one by adding solvent. (Section 4.5)
For cyclohexane, the steric interactions that occur between the flagpole hydrogen atoms in a boat conformation.
Glass transition temperature (TG)
The temperature at which a polymer undergoes the transition from a hard glass to a rubbery state
A law stating that the concentration of a gas in a solution, Sg, is proportional to the pressure of gas over the solution: Sg = kPg. (Section 13.3)
A series of atoms, ions, or molecules having the same number of electrons. (Section 7.3)
In mass spectrometry,a plot that shows the relative abundance ofeach cation that was detected.
melt transition temperature (Tm)
The temperature at which the crystallineregions of a polymer become amorphous.
An achiral compound possessing two or more chiral centers that also has chiral isomers
The NO+ ion, which is formed when NaNO2 is treated with HCl.
Pauli exclusion principle
No more than two electrons may be present in an orbital. If two electrons are present, their spins must be paired
Small molecules that are trapped between polymer chains where they function as lubricants, preventing the polymer from being brittle.
A compound that can be used to achieve the resolution of enantiomers.
A reaction that disobeys conservation of orbital symmetry.