- 4.9.21: The observed rotation of 2.0 g of a compound in 50 mL of solution i...
- 4.9.22: ( S )-( + )-Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is a flavor enhancer used in...
Solutions for Chapter 4.9: How Specific Rotation Is Measured
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
A compound containing a !CHO group
See alpha rays.
A compound that has the general formula R3N, where R may be H or a hydrocarbon group. (Section 16.7)
An electrode at which oxidation occurs. (Section 20.3)
A high-energy intermediate formed during the elimination-addition reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.
cholesteric liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal formed from flat, disc-shaped molecules that align through a stacking of the molecular discs. (Section 11.7)
A substance formed by the loss of a proton from a Brønsted–Lowry acid. (Section 16.2)
degree of unsaturation
The absence of two hydrogen atoms associated with a ring or a p bond.
A protein molecule that acts to catalyze specific biochemical reactions. (Section 14.7)
Gibbs free energy change (DG°)
The energy that dictates the position of chemical equilibria and rates of chemical reactions. A thermodynamic function of enthalpy, entropy, and temperature, given by the equation DG° 5 DH° 2 TDS°. If DG° , 0, the position of equilibria for the reaction favors products. If DG° . 0, the position of equilibria favors reactants.
A polymer that contains sections of one homopolymer that have been grafted onto a chain of the other homopolymer.
Homolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that each fragment retains one electron; formation of radicals.
An alloy in which smaller atoms fit into spaces between larger atoms. The larger atoms are metallic elements and the smaller atoms are typically nonmetallic elements. (Section 12.3)
A compound in which the carbonyl group 1C “O2 occurs at the interior of a carbon chain and is therefore flanked by carbon atoms. (Section 24.4)
A biomolecule isolated from plant or animal sources by extraction with nonpolar organic solvents, such as diethyl ether and hexane.
Molecular orbital (MO) theory
A theory of chemical bonding in which electrons in molecules occupy molecular orbitals that extend over the entire molecule and are formed by the combination of the atomic orbitals that make up the molecule
The pressure that must be applied to a solution to stop osmosis from pure solvent into the solution. (Section 13.5)
A step-by-step description of how a chemical reaction occurs.
An applied magnetic fi eld causes the p electrons of an aromatic ring to circulate, giving rise to the so-called ring current and an associated magnetic fi eld that opposes the applied fi eld in the middle of the ring but reinforces the applied fi eld on the outside of the ring.
A compound containing an !SH (sulfhydryl) group bonded to an sp3 -hybridized carbon.
Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or email@example.com
Forgot password? Reset it here