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Solutions for Chapter 4.9: How Specific Rotation Is Measured

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 4.9: How Specific Rotation Is Measured

Solutions for Chapter 4.9
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This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. Since 2 problems in chapter 4.9: How Specific Rotation Is Measured have been answered, more than 84045 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 4.9: How Specific Rotation Is Measured includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • auxochrome

    When applying Woodward-Fieser rules, the groups attached to the chromophore.

  • base.

    A substance that yields hydroxide ions (OH2) when dissolved in water. (2.7)

  • bonding pair

    In a Lewis structure a pair of electrons that is shared by two atoms. (Section 9.2)

  • branched polymer

    A polymer that contains a large number of branches connected to the main chain of the polymer.

  • Chiral

    From the Greek, cheir meaning hand; an object that is not superposable on its mirror image; an object that has handedness.

  • coal

    A naturally occurring solid containing hydrocarbons of high molecular weight, as well as compounds containing sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen. (Section 5.8)

  • electrometallurgy

    The use of electrolysis to reduce or refine metals. (Section 20.9)

  • entropy

    A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)

  • Hund’s rule

    When orbitals of equal energy are available but there are not enough electrons to fi ll all of them completely, one electron is put in each before a second electron is added to any

  • Hydroboration-oxidation

    A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with borane (BH3) to give a trialkylborane, which is then oxidized with alkaline hydrogen peroxide to give an alcohol

  • Lactone

    A cyclic ester.

  • lattice energy

    The energy required to separate completely the ions in an ionic solid. (Section 8.2)

  • leveling effect

    An effect thatprevents the use of bases stronger than hydroxidewhen the solvent is water.

  • Mass spectrum

    A plot of the relative abundance of ions versus their mass-to-charge ratio

  • nomenclature

    A system for naming organic compounds.

  • plastic

    A material that can be formed into particular shapes by application of heat and pressure. (Section 12.8)

  • racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • rem

    A measure of the biological damage caused by radiation; rems = rads * RBE. (Section 21.9)

  • Step-growth polymerization

    A polymerization in which chain growth occurs in a stepwise manner between difunctional monomers as, for example, between adipic acid and hexamethylenediamine to form nylon 66. Also called condensation polymerization.

  • Vibrational infrared region

    A common type of spin-spin coupling involving the H atoms on two C atoms that are bonded to each other.