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Solutions for Chapter 5.1: Molecular Formulas and the Degree of Unsaturation

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 5.1: Molecular Formulas and the Degree of Unsaturation

Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. Since 7 problems in chapter 5.1: Molecular Formulas and the Degree of Unsaturation have been answered, more than 40914 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 5.1: Molecular Formulas and the Degree of Unsaturation includes 7 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • amorphous

    A region of a polymer in which nearby chains are not linearly extended and are not parallel to one another.

  • base ionization constant (Kb).

    The equilibrium constant for the base ionization. (15.6)

  • beta emission

    A nuclear decay process where a beta particle is emitted from the nucleus; also called beta decay. (Section 21.1)

  • Carbanion

    An ion in which carbon has an unshared pair of electrons and bears a negative charge.

  • enthalpy of formation

    The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)

  • Homotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give an achiral molecule when one of the groups is replaced by another group. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of propane, for example, are homotopic. Replacing either one of them with deuterium gives 2-deuteropropane, which is achiral. Homotopic groups have identical chemical shifts under all conditions

  • hydrochlorofluorocarbons, (HCFCs)

    Compounds that are similar in structure to CFCs but also possess at least one C!Hbond.

  • lipid

    Naturally occurring compoundsthat can be extracted from cells usingnonpolar organic solvents.

  • methyl shift

    A type of carbocation rearrangement in which a methyl group migrates.

  • nitronium ion

    The NO2+ ion, which is present in a mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid.

  • nucleotide

    Compounds formed from a molecule of phosphoric acid, a sugar molecule, and an organic nitrogen base. Nucleotides form linear polymers called DNA and RNA, which are involved in protein synthesis and cell reproduction. (Section 24.10)

  • Oil

    When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature

  • optically active

    A compound that rotates plane-polarized light.

  • Pauli exclusion principle

    A rule stating that no two electrons in an atom may have the same four quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms). As a reflection of this principle, there can be no more than two electrons in any one atomic orbital. (Section 6.7)

  • Primary (1°) amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one carbon and two hydrogens

  • quantum

    The smallest increment of radiant energy that may be absorbed or emitted; the magnitude of radiant energy is hn. (Section 6.2)

  • salt

    An ionic compound formed by replacing one or more hydrogens of an acid by other cations. (Section 4.3)

  • sulfoxide

    A compound containing an SRO bond that is flanked on both sides by R groups.

  • Valence electrons

    Electrons in the valence (outermost) shell of an atom.

  • Vinyl group

    A carbocation in which the positive charge is on one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.

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