- 5.1.1: What is the molecular formula for each of the following? a. a 5-car...
- 5.1.32: Draw a reaction coordinate diagram for a two-step reaction in which...
- 5.1.2: Determine the degree of unsaturation for the hydrocarbons with the ...
- 5.1.33: a. Which step in the reaction coordinate diagram has the greatest f...
- 5.1.3: Determine the degree of unsaturation, and then draw possible struct...
- 5.1.34: Draw a reaction coordinate diagram for the following reaction in wh...
- 5.1.4: Several studies have shown that b -carotene, a precursor of vitamin...
Solutions for Chapter 5.1: Molecular Formulas and the Degree of Unsaturation
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
A region of a polymer in which nearby chains are not linearly extended and are not parallel to one another.
base ionization constant (Kb).
The equilibrium constant for the base ionization. (15.6)
A nuclear decay process where a beta particle is emitted from the nucleus; also called beta decay. (Section 21.1)
An ion in which carbon has an unshared pair of electrons and bears a negative charge.
enthalpy of formation
The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)
Atoms or groups on an atom that give an achiral molecule when one of the groups is replaced by another group. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of propane, for example, are homotopic. Replacing either one of them with deuterium gives 2-deuteropropane, which is achiral. Homotopic groups have identical chemical shifts under all conditions
Compounds that are similar in structure to CFCs but also possess at least one C!Hbond.
Naturally occurring compoundsthat can be extracted from cells usingnonpolar organic solvents.
A type of carbocation rearrangement in which a methyl group migrates.
The NO2+ ion, which is present in a mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid.
Compounds formed from a molecule of phosphoric acid, a sugar molecule, and an organic nitrogen base. Nucleotides form linear polymers called DNA and RNA, which are involved in protein synthesis and cell reproduction. (Section 24.10)
When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature
A compound that rotates plane-polarized light.
Pauli exclusion principle
A rule stating that no two electrons in an atom may have the same four quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms). As a reflection of this principle, there can be no more than two electrons in any one atomic orbital. (Section 6.7)
Primary (1°) amine
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one carbon and two hydrogens
The smallest increment of radiant energy that may be absorbed or emitted; the magnitude of radiant energy is hn. (Section 6.2)
An ionic compound formed by replacing one or more hydrogens of an acid by other cations. (Section 4.3)
A compound containing an SRO bond that is flanked on both sides by R groups.
Electrons in the valence (outermost) shell of an atom.
A carbocation in which the positive charge is on one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.