- 5.2.5: a. How many vinylic hydrogens does the preceding compound have? b. ...
- 5.2.6: Draw the structure for each of the following: a. 3,3-dimethylcyclop...
- 5.2.7: What is each compounds systematic name? a. CH3CHCH CHCH3 CH3 e. CH3...
Solutions for Chapter 5.2: The Nomenclature of Alkenes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
An OR group.
A reaction that achieves the installation of an alkyl group. For example, an SN2 reaction in which an alkyl group is connected to an attacking nucleophile.
An addition reaction in which two groups are installed on opposite sides of a p bond.
In UV-Vis spectroscopy, an equation describing the relationship between molar absorptivity (e), absorbance (A), concentration (C), and path length (l): e = A (C Ž l)
The distance between atoms in a covalent bond in picometers (pm; 1 pm 5 10212 m) or Å (1Å 5 10210 m).
A compound that delivers the elements of a carbene without actually producing a free carbene.
A compound containing a Cl group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.
The removal of salts from seawater, brine, or brackish water to make it fit for human consumption. (Section 18.4)
A molecule composed of only two atoms. (Section 2.6)
The escape of a gas through an orifice or hole. (Section 10.8)
A device in which a nonspontaneous oxidation–reduction reaction is caused to occur by passage of current under a sufficient external electrical potential. (Section 20.9)
A compound with the structure R!O!R.
For substituted cycloalkanes, a drawing style used to clearly identify which groups are above the ring and which groups are below the ring. (See also Sect. 4.14.)
An abbreviated way to draw structural formulas in which vertices and line endings represent carbons
A model of enzyme action in which the substrate molecule is pictured as fitting rather specifically into the active site on the enzyme. It is assumed that in being bound to the active site, the substrate is somehow activated for reaction. (Section 14.7)
A group of molecules arranged in a sphere such that the surface of the sphere is comprised of polar groups, rendering the micelle water soluble.
The amide linkage by which two amino acids are coupled together to form peptides.
A method for preparing substituted amines by treating an aldehyde or ketone with an amine in the presence of a reducing agent
Exchange of the !OR or !OAr group of an ester for another !OR or !OAr group.
Wavenumbers (—n )
The frequency of electromagnetic radiation expressed as the number of waves per centimeter, with units cm21 (read: reciprocal centimeters).