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Solutions for Chapter 5.7: Thermodynamics and Kinetics

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 5.7: Thermodynamics and Kinetics

Since 7 problems in chapter 5.7: Thermodynamics and Kinetics have been answered, more than 38878 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 5.7: Thermodynamics and Kinetics includes 7 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activity

    The decay rate of a radioactive material, generally expressed as the number of disintegrations per unit time. (Section 21.4)

  • amphoteric oxides and hydroxides

    Oxides and hydroxides that are only slightly soluble in water but that dissolve in either acidic or basic solutions. (Section 17.5)

  • annulenes

    Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is [6]annulene.

  • Atropisomers

    Enantiomers that lack a chiral center and differ because of hindered rotation.

  • azo coupling

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an aryldiazonium salt reacts with an activated aromatic ring.

  • beta sheet

    A structural form of protein in which two strands of amino acids are hydrogen-bonded together in a zipperlike configuration. (Section 24.7)

  • cholesteric liquid crystalline phase

    A liquid crystal formed from flat, disc-shaped molecules that align through a stacking of the molecular discs. (Section 11.7)

  • conjugate addition

    An addition reaction in which a nucleophile and a proton are added across the two ends of a conjugated p system.

  • conversion factor

    A ratio relating the same quantity in two systems of units that is used to convert the units of measurement. (Section 1.6)

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • Fischer esterifi cation

    The process of forming an ester by refl uxing a carboxylic acid and an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst, commonly H2SO4, ArSO3H, or HCl

  • ground state

    The lowest-energy, or most stable, state. (Section 6.3)

  • hydrophobic

    Water repelling. The term is often used to describe a type of colloid. (Section 13.6)

  • isotactic

    A polymer in which the repeating units contain chirality centers which all have the same configuration.

  • liquid

    Matter that has a distinct volume but no specific shape. (Section 1.2)

  • micelle

    A group of molecules arranged in a sphere such that the surface of the sphere is comprised of polar groups, rendering the micelle water soluble.

  • nonaromatic

    A compound that lacks a ring with a continuous system of overlapping p orbitals.

  • Phenyl group

    A group derived by removing an H from benzene; abbreviated C6H5! or Ph!.

  • proton transfer

    One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.

  • valence bond theory

    A theory that treats a bond as the sharing of electrons that are associated with individual atoms, rather than being associated with the entire molecule.

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