- 5.7.21: a. Which of the monosubstituted cyclohexanes in Table 3.9 on page 1...
- 5.7.22: a. The G for conversion of axial fl uorocyclohexane to equatorial f...
- 5.7.23: a. For which reaction in each set will S be more signifi cant? b. F...
- 5.7.24: a. For a reaction with H = -12 kcal>mol and S = 0.01kcal mol-1 K-1 ...
- 5.7.25: a. Use the bond dissociation energies in Table 5.1 to calculate the...
- 5.7.26: a. Which of the reactions in Figure 5.3 has a product that is therm...
- 5.7.27: Draw a reaction coordinate diagram for a reaction in which a. the p...
Solutions for Chapter 5.7: Thermodynamics and Kinetics
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
The decay rate of a radioactive material, generally expressed as the number of disintegrations per unit time. (Section 21.4)
amphoteric oxides and hydroxides
Oxides and hydroxides that are only slightly soluble in water but that dissolve in either acidic or basic solutions. (Section 17.5)
Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is annulene.
Enantiomers that lack a chiral center and differ because of hindered rotation.
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an aryldiazonium salt reacts with an activated aromatic ring.
A structural form of protein in which two strands of amino acids are hydrogen-bonded together in a zipperlike configuration. (Section 24.7)
cholesteric liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal formed from flat, disc-shaped molecules that align through a stacking of the molecular discs. (Section 11.7)
An addition reaction in which a nucleophile and a proton are added across the two ends of a conjugated p system.
A ratio relating the same quantity in two systems of units that is used to convert the units of measurement. (Section 1.6)
Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.
Fischer esterifi cation
The process of forming an ester by refl uxing a carboxylic acid and an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst, commonly H2SO4, ArSO3H, or HCl
The lowest-energy, or most stable, state. (Section 6.3)
Water repelling. The term is often used to describe a type of colloid. (Section 13.6)
A polymer in which the repeating units contain chirality centers which all have the same configuration.
Matter that has a distinct volume but no specific shape. (Section 1.2)
A group of molecules arranged in a sphere such that the surface of the sphere is comprised of polar groups, rendering the micelle water soluble.
A compound that lacks a ring with a continuous system of overlapping p orbitals.
A group derived by removing an H from benzene; abbreviated C6H5! or Ph!.
One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.
valence bond theory
A theory that treats a bond as the sharing of electrons that are associated with individual atoms, rather than being associated with the entire molecule.