- 6.1.1: Draw the mechanism for the reaction of cyclohexene with HCl.
- 6.1.27: Draw the structures for the following compounds: a. 2-propyloxirane...
- 6.1.28: What alkene would you treat with a peroxyacid in order to obtain ea...
Solutions for Chapter 6.1: The Addition of a Hydrogen Halide to an Alkene
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Element in which the 5f orbitals are only partially occupied. (Section 6.8)
The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).
concentration of a solution.
The amount of solute present in a given quantity of solvent or solution. (4.5)
The conversion of a thioacetal into an alkane in the presence of Raney nickel.
An effect that causes different regions of space to be characterized by different magnetic field strengths.
The gradual mixing of molecules of one gas with the molecules of another by virtue of their kinetic properties. (5.7)
Therange of all frequencies of electromagnetic radiation,which is arbitrarily divided into severalregions, most commonly by wavelength.
energy of activation
In an energy diagram, the height of the energy barrier (the hump) between the reactants and the products.
A protein molecule that acts to catalyze specific biochemical reactions. (Section 14.7)
A compound with the structure R!O!R.
free energy (Gibbs free energy, G)
A thermodynamic state function that gives a criterion for spontaneous change in terms of enthalpy and entropy: G = H - TS. (Section 19.5)
An alloy in which the components are not distributed uniformly; instead, two or more distinct phases with characteristic compositions are present. (Section 12.3)
When treated with a strong base, a quaternary ammonium halide undergoes b-elimination by an E2 mechanism to give the less-substituted alkene as the major product
Any molecular vibration that leads to a substantial change in dipole moment and is observed in an IR spectrum.
lambda max (lmax)
In UVVis spectroscopy, the wavelength of maximum absorption.
London dispersion forces
Attractive forces between transient dipole moments, observed in alkanes.
A compound containing an electron-rich atom that is capable of donating a pair of electrons.
probability density 1c22
A value that represents the probability that an electron will be found at a given point in space. Also called electron density. (Section 6.5)
A mathematical description of an electron that incorporates its wavelike properties.
tertiary alkyl halide
An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to three alkyl groups.