- 6.9.20: What would be the product of the preceding reaction if HBr were use...
- 6.9.21: a. How does the fi rst step in the reaction of propene with Br 2 di...
- 6.9.22: Why are Na+ and K+ unable to form covalent bonds?
- 6.9.23: Each of the following reactions has two nucleophiles that could add...
- 6.9.24: What is the product of the addition of IiCl to 1-butene? ( Hint: Ch...
- 6.9.25: What would be the major product obtained from the reaction of Br 2 ...
- 6.9.26: Propose a mechanism for the following reaction: O Cl2 Cl OH
Solutions for Chapter 6.9: The Addition of a Halogen to an Alkene
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded only to alkyl groups.
A method for preparing primary amines that avoids the formation of secondary and tertiary amines.
A compound that delivers the elements of a carbene without actually producing a free carbene.
common ion effect.
The shift in equilibrium caused by the addition of a compound having an ion in common with the dissolved substances. (16.2)
The number of adjacent atoms to which an atom is directly bonded. In a complex the coordination number of the metal ion is the number of donor atoms to which it is bonded. (Sections 12.37 and 24.2)
A measure of the force of an atom’s attraction for electrons
A substance with one or more unpaired electrons. (Section 21.9)
gas chromatograph – mass spectrometer
A device used for the analysis of a mixture that contains several compounds.
High-density lipoprotein (HDL)
Plasma particles, density 1.06–1.21 g/mL, consisting of approximately 33% proteins, 30% cholesterol, 29% phospholipids, and 8% triglycerides.
Homolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that each fragment retains one electron; formation of radicals.
A carbohydrate for which the chirality center farthest from the carbonyl group will have an OH group pointing to the left in the Fischer projection.
The study of which frequencies of radiation are absorbed or emitted by a particular substance and the correlation of these frequencies with details of molecular structure.
The extent to which plane-polarized light is rotated by a solution of a chiral compound.
Order of precedence of functions
A ranking of functional groups in order of priority for the purposes of IUPAC nomenclature.
For light, the orientation of the electric field.
The threedimensional conformations of localized regions of a protein, including helices and b-pleated sheets.
The study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.
Two objects that are identical.
For mechanisms, a step that involves three chemical entities.
Wavenumbers (—n )
The frequency of electromagnetic radiation expressed as the number of waves per centimeter, with units cm21 (read: reciprocal centimeters).