- 7.1.21: Explain why sodium amide cannot be used to form a carbanion from an...
- 7.1.1: What is the molecular formula for a monocyclic hydrocarbon with 14 ...
- 7.1.22: Any base whose conjugate acid has a p Ka greater than ______ can re...
- 7.1.2: Draw the structure for each of the following: a. 1-chloro-3-hexyne ...
- 7.1.23: List the following in order from strongest base to weakest base: a....
- 7.1.3: Draw the structures and give the common and systematic names for th...
- 7.1.24: Which carbocation is more stable? a. CH3C + H2 or H2CC + H b. H2CC ...
- 7.1.4: Name the following: a. BrCH2CH2C CCH3 c. CH3OCH2C CCH2CH3 b. CH3CH2...
- 7.1.5: Name the following:
Solutions for Chapter 7.1: The Nomenclature of Alkynes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
An RCO! or ArCO! group.
An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.
A device for measuring the heat evolved in the combustion of a substance under constant-volume conditions. (Section 5.5)
Streams of electrons that are produced when a high voltage is applied to electrodes in an evacuated tube. (Section 2.2)
The process by which a protein adopts its biologically active shape. (Section 24.7)
A form of isomerism in which compounds with the same type and number of atoms and the same chemical bonds have different spatial arrangements of these atoms and bonds. (Sections 23.4 and 24.4)
The vectors a, b, and c that define a crystal lattice. The position of any lattice point in a crystal can be represented by summing integer multiples of the lattice vectors. (Section 12.2)
levorotatory, or merely levo or l
A term used to label a chiral molecule that rotates the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light to the left (counterclockwise). (Section 24.4)
A chain comprised of a small number of amino acid residues.
The breaking of a molecule into two or more neutral fragments as a result of absorption of light. (Section 18.2)
Polymers made up of repeating urethane groups, also sometimes called carbamate groups (!N!CO2!).
A radioisotope that can be used to trace the path of an element in a chemical system. (Section 21.5)
Reaction coordinate diagram
A graph showing the energy changes that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis.
An alternative name for an imine
The strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by four or more bonds are forced closer to each other than their atomic (contact) radii would allow. Steric strain is also called non-bonded interaction strain, or van der Waals strain.
Stork enamine synthesis
A Michaelreaction in which an enamine functions as anucleophile.
A carbocation in which the positive charge is on one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.
The carbon atoms of a carbon-carbon double bond.
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion theory, which can be used to predict the geometry around an atom.
High-molecular-weight esters that are constructed from carboxylic acids and alcohols.