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Solutions for Chapter 7.1: The Nomenclature of Alkynes

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 7.1: The Nomenclature of Alkynes

Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221. Since 9 problems in chapter 7.1: The Nomenclature of Alkynes have been answered, more than 30970 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 7.1: The Nomenclature of Alkynes includes 9 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid-dissociation constant (Ka)

    An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which an acid transfers a proton to solvent water. (Section 16.6)

  • Acylium ion

    A resonance-stabilized cation with the structure [RC"O]1 or [ArC"O]1. The positive charge is delocalized over both the carbonyl carbon and the carbonyl oxygen.

  • allylic bromination

    A radical reaction that achieves installation of a bromine atom at an allylic position.

  • alpha (a) rays.

    Helium ions with a positive charge of 12. (2.2)

  • bond-line structures

    The most common drawing style employed by organic chemists. All carbon atoms and most hydrogen atoms are implied but not explicitly drawn in a bond-line structure.

  • Bonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electrons have a lower energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals

  • Cation

    An atom or group of atoms bearing a positive charge.

  • critical temperature (Tc).

    The temperature above which a gas will not liquefy. (11.8)

  • DEPT 13C NMR

    In 13C NMR spectroscopy, a technique that utilizes two rf radiation emitters and provides information regarding the number of protons attached to each carbon atom in a compound.

  • electromotive force (emf)

    A measure of the driving force, or electrical pressure, for the completion of an electrochemical reaction. Electromotive force is measured in volts: 1 V = 1 J>C. Also called the cell potential. (Section 20.4)

  • electron density

    A term associatedwith the probability of finding an electron in aparticular region of space.

  • Entropy (S)

    Measures chaos versus order and chaos is favorable

  • free energy (Gibbs free energy, G)

    A thermodynamic state function that gives a criterion for spontaneous change in terms of enthalpy and entropy: G = H - TS. (Section 19.5)

  • Friedel-Crafts reaction

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution in which a hydrogen of an aromatic ring is replaced by an alkyl or acyl group.

  • hemiacetal

    A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) and an alkoxy group (OR) connected to the same carbon atom.

  • oxyacid

    A compound in which one or more OH groups, and possibly additional oxygen atoms, are bonded to a central atom. (Section 16.10)

  • Photons

    An alternative way to describe electromagnetic radiation as a stream of particles

  • polarimeter

    A device that measures the rotation of plane-polarized light caused by optically active compounds.

  • polarization

    For light, the orientation of the electric field.

  • reaction mechanism

    A detailed picture, or model, of how the reaction occurs; that is, the order in which bonds are broken and formed and the changes in relative positions of the atoms as the reaction proceeds. (Section 14.6)

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