- 7.1.21: Explain why sodium amide cannot be used to form a carbanion from an...
- 7.1.1: What is the molecular formula for a monocyclic hydrocarbon with 14 ...
- 7.1.22: Any base whose conjugate acid has a p Ka greater than ______ can re...
- 7.1.2: Draw the structure for each of the following: a. 1-chloro-3-hexyne ...
- 7.1.23: List the following in order from strongest base to weakest base: a....
- 7.1.3: Draw the structures and give the common and systematic names for th...
- 7.1.24: Which carbocation is more stable? a. CH3C + H2 or H2CC + H b. H2CC ...
- 7.1.4: Name the following: a. BrCH2CH2C CCH3 c. CH3OCH2C CCH2CH3 b. CH3CH2...
- 7.1.5: Name the following:
Solutions for Chapter 7.1: The Nomenclature of Alkynes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
acid-dissociation constant (Ka)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which an acid transfers a proton to solvent water. (Section 16.6)
A resonance-stabilized cation with the structure [RC"O]1 or [ArC"O]1. The positive charge is delocalized over both the carbonyl carbon and the carbonyl oxygen.
A radical reaction that achieves installation of a bromine atom at an allylic position.
alpha (a) rays.
Helium ions with a positive charge of 12. (2.2)
The most common drawing style employed by organic chemists. All carbon atoms and most hydrogen atoms are implied but not explicitly drawn in a bond-line structure.
Bonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electrons have a lower energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals
An atom or group of atoms bearing a positive charge.
critical temperature (Tc).
The temperature above which a gas will not liquefy. (11.8)
DEPT 13C NMR
In 13C NMR spectroscopy, a technique that utilizes two rf radiation emitters and provides information regarding the number of protons attached to each carbon atom in a compound.
electromotive force (emf)
A measure of the driving force, or electrical pressure, for the completion of an electrochemical reaction. Electromotive force is measured in volts: 1 V = 1 J>C. Also called the cell potential. (Section 20.4)
A term associatedwith the probability of finding an electron in aparticular region of space.
Measures chaos versus order and chaos is favorable
free energy (Gibbs free energy, G)
A thermodynamic state function that gives a criterion for spontaneous change in terms of enthalpy and entropy: G = H - TS. (Section 19.5)
An electrophilic aromatic substitution in which a hydrogen of an aromatic ring is replaced by an alkyl or acyl group.
A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) and an alkoxy group (OR) connected to the same carbon atom.
A compound in which one or more OH groups, and possibly additional oxygen atoms, are bonded to a central atom. (Section 16.10)
An alternative way to describe electromagnetic radiation as a stream of particles
A device that measures the rotation of plane-polarized light caused by optically active compounds.
For light, the orientation of the electric field.
A detailed picture, or model, of how the reaction occurs; that is, the order in which bonds are broken and formed and the changes in relative positions of the atoms as the reaction proceeds. (Section 14.6)