- 8.14.27: What is the total number of nodes in the c3 and c4 MOs of 1,3-butad...
- 8.14.28: Answer the following questions for the p MOs of 1,3-butadiene: a. W...
- 8.14.29: The most stable MO of 1,3,5-hexatriene and the most stable MO of be...
Solutions for Chapter 8.14: A Molecular Orbital Description of Stability
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
A carbocation in which the positive charge is adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond.
Carbohydrates that differ in confi guration only at their anomeric carbons.
A solution in which water is the solvent. (Chapter 4: Introduction)
The basic unit of an element that can enter into chemical combination. (2.2)
A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton acceptor. (Section 16.2)
A means of protecting a metal against corrosion by making it the cathode in a voltaic cell. This can be achieved by attaching a more easily oxidized metal, which serves as an anode, to the metal to be protected. (Section 20.8)
A bond in which two electrons are shared by two atoms. (9.4)
electromagnetic radiation (radiant energy)
A form of energy that has wave characteristics and that propagates through a vacuum at the characteristic speed of 3.00 * 108 m >s. (Section 6.1)
A negatively charged subatomic particle found outside the atomic nucleus; it is a part of all atoms. An electron has a mass 1>1836 times that of a proton. (Section 2.3)
The SI unit for radiation dose
A cyclic compound containing at least one heteroatom (such as S, N, or O) in the ring.
A compound with the structure R2CRN!NH2.
The arrangement of polypeptide monomers into a noncovalently bonded aggregate.
A polymer, comprised of more than one kind of repeating unit, in which there is a random distribution of repeating units.
A reaction in which one stereoisomer is formed in preference to all others. A stereoselective reaction may be enantioselective or diastereoselective, as the case may be.
Groups that strongly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly enhancing the rate of the reaction.
A compound that contains a sulfur atom that has double bonds with two oxygen atoms and is flanked on both sides by R groups.
The study of how energy is distributed under the influence of entropy. For chemists, the thermodynamics of a reaction specifically refers to the study of the relative energy levels of reactants and products.
Electrons in the valence (outermost) shell of an atom.
A solution to a set of equations that defi nes the energy of an electron in an atom and the region of space it may occupy.