- 8.16.35: What is the major product obtained from the addition of HBr to the ...
- 8.16.36: Predict the sites on each of the following compounds where protonat...
Solutions for Chapter 8.16: Delocalized Electrons Can Affect the Product of a Reaction
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 8.16: Delocalized Electrons Can Affect the Product of a ReactionGet Full Solutions
A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide
Benzyl group (C6H5CH2!)
The group derived from toluene by removing a hydrogen from its methyl group.
A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton donor. (Section 16.2)
An object that is not superimposable on its mirror image.
critical temperature (Tc).
The temperature above which a gas will not liquefy. (11.8)
dextrorotatory, or merely dextro or d
A term used to label a chiral molecule that rotates the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light to the right (clockwise). (Section 23.4)
A force that becomes significant when polar molecules come in close contact with one another. The force is attractive when the positive end of one polar molecule approaches the negative end of another. (Section 11.2)
The use of electrolysis to reduce or refine metals. (Section 20.9)
A mode of radioactive decay in which an inner-shell orbital electron is captured by the nucleus. (Section 21.1)
For a reaction, a state in which there is no longer an observable change in the concentrations of reactants and products.
A reaction in which the enthalpy of the products is lower than that of the reactants; a reaction in which heat is released.
Fischer esterifi cation
The process of forming an ester by refl uxing a carboxylic acid and an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst, commonly H2SO4, ArSO3H, or HCl
A type of carbocation rearrangement that involves the migration of a hydride ion (H-).
A special type of dipole-dipole interaction that occurs between an electronegative atom and a hydrogen atom that is connected to another electronegative atom.
A drawing style that is designed to show the conformation of a molecule.
The removal of an electron from an atom or molecule by absorption of light. (Section 18.2)
A systematic set of principles that enable the design of a synthetic route by working backward from the desired product.
The total of (single bonds + lone pairs) for an atom in a compound.
Fibrous proteins that are used for their structural rigidity. Examples include a-keratins found in hair, nails, skin, feathers, and wool.
A molecule containing three amino acid units, each joined to the next by a peptide bond