- 9.5.19: Which alkyl halide would you expect to be more reactive in an S N 1...
- 9.5.20: Which alkyl halide would you expect to be more reactive in an S N 1...
- 9.5.21: For the pairs of alkyl halides in , which would be more reactive in...
- 9.5.22: Two substitution products result from the reaction of 3-chloro-3-me...
Solutions for Chapter 9.5: Benzylic Halides, Allylic Halides, Vinylic Halides, and Aryl Halides
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 9.5: Benzylic Halides, Allylic Halides, Vinylic Halides, and Aryl HalidesGet Full Solutions
The decay rate of a radioactive material, generally expressed as the number of disintegrations per unit time. (Section 21.4)
The slow oxidation of organic compounds that occurs in the presence of atmospheric oxygen.
An equilibrium property measured by the position of equilibrium in an acid-base reaction, as, for example, the acid-base reaction between ammonia and water.
The study of matter and the changes it undergoes. (1.1)
Properties of solutions that depend on the number of solute particles in solution and not on the nature of the solute particles. (12.6)
Confi gurational isomers
Isomers that differ by the confi guration of substituents on an atom. Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter
A bond that results when two atoms share a pair of electrons.
E (Section 5.2C)
From the German, entgegen, opposite. Specifi es that groups of higher priority on the carbons of a double bond are on opposite sides
electron impact ionization (EI)
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique that involves bombarding a compoundwith high-energy electrons.
electrospray ionization (ESI):
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique in which the compound is first dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed via a high-voltage needle into a vacuum chamber. The tiny droplets of solution become charged by the needle, and subsequent evaporation forms gas-phase molecular ions that typically carry one or more charges.
Hydrogens that have the same chemical environment
heterolytic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of ions.
A term that refers to the rate of a reaction.
London dispersion forces
Attractive forces between transient dipole moments, observed in alkanes.
From the Greek, mono 1 meros, meaning single part. The simplest nonredundant unit from which a polymer is synthesized.
In mass spectrometry, an odd molecular weight indicates an odd number of nitrogen atoms in the compound, while an even molecular weight indicates either an even number of nitrogen atoms or the absence of nitrogen.
The NO+ ion, which is formed when NaNO2 is treated with HCl.
The energy that an object possesses as a result of its composition or its position with respect to another object. (Section 5.1)
Lipids that are based on a tetracyclic ring system involving three six-membered rings and one five-membered ring. Cholesterol is an example.
Groups that strongy deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly decreasing the rate of the reaction.