- 10.4.9: What products would be obtained from the E2 reaction of the followi...
- 10.4.10: What products would be obtained from the E1 reaction of the alkyl h...
Solutions for Chapter 10.4: E2 and E1 Reactions Are Stereoselective
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
A reaction that achieves the installation of an alkyl group. For example, an SN2 reaction in which an alkyl group is connected to an attacking nucleophile.
A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2).
The study of the chemistry of living systems. (Chapter 24: Introduction)
The difference between the numbers of electrons in bonding molecular orbitals and antibonding molecular orbitals, divided by two. (10.7)
The experimental measurement of heat produced in chemical and physical processes. (Section 5.5)
Compounds composed entirely of chlorine, fluorine, and carbon. (Section 18.3)
Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be lower than that for benzene.
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
A polynucleotide in which the sugar component is deoxyribose. (Section 24.10)
electrospray ionization (ESI):
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique in which the compound is first dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed via a high-voltage needle into a vacuum chamber. The tiny droplets of solution become charged by the needle, and subsequent evaporation forms gas-phase molecular ions that typically carry one or more charges.
The point in a titration at which the added solute reacts completely with the solute present in the solution. (Section 4.6)
hexagonal close packing
A crystal structure where the atoms are packed together as closely as possible. The close-packed layers adopt a two-layer repeating pattern, which leads to a primitive hexagonal unit cell. (Section 12.3)
Interaction of electrons in a s-bonding orbital with the vacant 2p orbital of an adjacent positively charged carbon.
A compound containing a five-membered ring that is similar to pyrrole but has one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.
Molecular orbital (MO) theory
A theory of chemical bonding in which electrons in molecules occupy molecular orbitals that extend over the entire molecule and are formed by the combination of the atomic orbitals that make up the molecule
nuclear binding energy
The energy required to decompose an atomic nucleus into its component protons and neutrons. (Section 21.6)
Light oscillating in only parallel planes.
A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A counterclockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as S.
A pericyclic reaction in which one s bond is formed at the expense of another.
A lipid that does not undergo hydrolysis in aqueous acid or base to produce smaller fragments.
A polymer in which its growing chains are terminated by formation of new functional groups at both ends of its chains. These new functional groups are introduced by adding reagents, such as CO2 or ethylene oxide, to the growing chains.