- 14.3.4: Draw possible structures for an ester that has a molecular ion with...
- 14.3.5: Determine the molecular formula for each of the following: a. a com...
- 14.3.6: If a compound has a molecular ion with an odd-numbered mass, then t...
- 14.3.7: a. Suggest possible molecular formulas for a compound that has a mo...
- 14.3.8: Identify the hydrocarbon that has a molecular ion with an m/z value...
Solutions for Chapter 14.3: Using The m/z Value of The Molecular Ion to Calculate The Molecular Formula
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 14.3: Using The m/z Value of The Molecular Ion to Calculate The Molecular FormulaGet Full Solutions
A high-energy molecular orbital resulting from the destructive interference between atomic orbitals.
A term used initially to classify benzene and its derivatives. More accurately, it is used to classify any compound that meets the Hückel criteria for aromaticity (Section 21.2A).
A liquid mixture of constant composition with a boiling point that is different from that of any of its components.
Acids that contain the carboxyl group —COOH. (24.4)
A substance formed by the loss of a proton from a Brønsted–Lowry acid. (Section 16.2)
All nonvalence electrons in an atom. (8.2)
Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of one another.
A unimolecular b-elimination reaction
Any process with a positive DG.
energy of activation
In an energy diagram, the height of the energy barrier (the hump) between the reactants and the products.
A form of isomerism in which compounds with the same type and number of atoms and the same chemical bonds have different spatial arrangements of these atoms and bonds. (Sections 23.4 and 24.4)
The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of matter by 1 °C (or 1 K). (Section 5.5)
One that occurs at constant temperature. (Section 19.1)
molal boiling-point-elevation constant (Kb)
A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the increase in boiling point as a function of solution molality: ?Tb = Kbm. (Section 13.5)
A ligand that binds to the metal ion via a single donor atom. It occupies one position in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)
Refers to a compound that rotates the plane of plane-polarized light
An industrial process used to make nitric acid from ammonia. The NH3 is catalytically oxidized by O2 to form NO; NO in air is oxidized to NO2; HNO3 is formed in a disproportionation reaction when NO2 dissolves in water. (Section 22.7)
oxidation–reduction (redox) reaction
A chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of certain atoms change. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)
sp2 Hybrid orbital
A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and two 2p atomic orbitals.
A solution prepared by dissolving Ag2O in aqueous ammonia; used for selective oxidation of an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid.