- 14.9.19: One of the following depicts the waves associated with infrared rad...
- 14.9.20: a. Which is higher in energy, electromagnetic radiation with wavenu...
- 14.9.21: a. What is the wavenumber of radiation that has a wavelength of 4 m...
Solutions for Chapter 14.9: Spectroscopy and The Electromagnetic Spectrum
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)
An organic compound that has an NR2 group attached to a carbonyl. (Section 24.4)
A compound that reacts with a diene in a Diels-Alder reaction.
The energy change that occurs when an electron is added to a gaseous atom or ion. (Section 7.5)
A diagram that shows the energies of molecular orbitals relative to the atomic orbitals from which they are derived. Also called a molecular-orbital diagram. (Section 9.7)
A state that is achieved when a compound absorbs energy.
free energy (Gibbs free energy, G)
A thermodynamic state function that gives a criterion for spontaneous change in terms of enthalpy and entropy: G = H - TS. (Section 19.5)
A hypothetical gas whose pressure, volume, and temperature behavior is completely described by the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)
A compound containing a carbonyl group bonded to two carbons.
nuclear binding energy
The energy required to decompose an atomic nucleus into its component protons and neutrons. (Section 21.6)
From the Greek meaning nucleus-loving. Any species that can donate a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis base
Nucleophilic aromatic substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile, most commonly a halogen, on an aromatic ring is replaced by another nucleophile.
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
Light for which all photons have the same polarization, generally formed by passing light through a polarizing filter.
A polymer of amino acids that has a molecular weight of less than 10,000. (Section 24.7)
A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)
An ether (R!O!R) where both R groups are identical.
The addition of atoms or groups of atoms to the same face of a carbon-carbon double bond.
The threedimensional shape of a protein.
Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).