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Solutions for Chapter 14.22: SOME USES OF UV/VIS SPECTROSCOPY
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Carbohydrates that differ in confi guration only at their anomeric carbons.
axis of symmetry
An axis about which a compound possesses rotational symmetry.
The number of times the cycle of chain propagation steps repeats in a chain reaction.
Substance capable of conducting electric current. (21.3)
Orbitals that have the same energy.
degree of substitution
For alkenes, a classification method that refers to the number of alkyl groups connected to the double bond.
The spreading of a charge or lone pair as described by resonance theory.
Very weak intermolecular forces of attraction resulting from the interaction between temporary induced dipoles
malonic ester synthesis
Asynthetic technique that enables the transformationof a halide into a carboxylic acid with theintroduction of two new carbon atoms.
During the polymerization process, compounds constructed from just a few monomers.
A form of isomerism in which the two forms of a compound (stereoisomers) are nonsuperimposable mirror images. (Section 23.4)
Refers to groups occupying l,2-positions on a benzene ring.
radial probability function
The probability that the electron will be found at a certain distance from the nucleus. (Section 6.6)
A polymer, comprised of more than one kind of repeating unit, in which there is a random distribution of repeating units.
The reverse of an aldol reaction. A b-hydroxyketone or aldehyde is converted into two ketones or aldehydes.
sp3 Hybrid orbital
A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and three 2p atomic orbitals.
An addition reaction in which two groups are added to the same face of a p bond.
Strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by three bonds are forced from a staggered conformation to an eclipsed conformation. Torsional strain is also called eclipsed-interaction strain.
Williamson ether synthesis
A general method for the synthesis of dialkyl ethers by an SN2 reaction between a haloalkane and an alkoxide ion.
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using hydrazine and a base. Ylide (Section 16.6)