- 16.16.12: a. Which compound will have the stretching vibration for its carbon...
- 16.16.42: Write the mechanism for the acid-catalyzed reaction of an amide wit...
- 16.16.13: Using the p Ka values listed in Table 16.1 , predict the products o...
- 16.16.43: List the following amides in order from greatest reactivity to leas...
- 16.16.14: Is the following statement true or false? If the newly added group ...
Solutions for Chapter 16.16: The Relative Reactivities of Carboxylic Acids and Carboxylic Acid Derivatives
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 16.16: The Relative Reactivities of Carboxylic Acids and Carboxylic Acid DerivativesGet Full Solutions
Polymerization that occurs through coupling of monomers with one another, with no other products formed in the reaction. (Section 12.8)
A reaction in which a ketone is treated with a peroxy acid and is converted into an ester via the insertion of an oxygen atom.
Organic material that bacteria are able to oxidize. (Section 18.4)
The branch of chemistry that deals with the relationships between electricity and chemical reactions. (Chapter 20: Introduction)
High-density lipoprotein (HDL)
Plasma particles, density 1.06–1.21 g/mL, consisting of approximately 33% proteins, 30% cholesterol, 29% phospholipids, and 8% triglycerides.
A reaction in which a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) are added across a p bond.
A functional group in which two acyl groups, RCO! or ArCO!, are bonded to a nitrogen atom
A back-to-back arrangement of phospholipid monolayers, often forming a closed vesicle or membrane.
nematic liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned in the same general direction, along their long axes, but in which the ends of the molecules are not aligned. (Section 11.7)
A point in space where the value of a wave function is zero
From the Greek meaning nucleus-loving. Any species that can donate a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis base
A nucleoside in which a molecule of phosphoric acid is esterifi ed with an !OH of the monosaccharide, most commonly either the 39!OH or the 59!OH.
Light for which all photons have the same polarization, generally formed by passing light through a polarizing filter.
A compound containing several ether groups.
A substance made up of many monosaccharide units joined together. (Section 24.8)
A nonprotein unit attached to a protein, such as heme in hemoglobin.
A solvent that contains at least one hydrogen atom connected directly to an electronegative atom.
The structure that arises when a protein consists of two or more folded polypeptide chains that aggregate to form one protein complex.
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with three p orbitals to form four hybridized atomic orbitals.
A term used to describe two identical groups attached to adjacent carbon atoms.