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Solutions for Chapter 16.18: The Reactions of Acyl Chlorides

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 16.18: The Reactions of Acyl Chlorides

Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 16.18: The Reactions of Acyl Chlorides includes 5 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. Since 5 problems in chapter 16.18: The Reactions of Acyl Chlorides have been answered, more than 41731 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activate

    For a substituted aromatic ring, the effect of an electron-donating substituent that increases the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution.

  • aldol addition reaction

    A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.

  • Aprotic acid

    An acid that is not a proton donor; an acid that is an electron pair acceptor in a Lewis acid-base reaction.

  • axis of symmetry

    An axis about which a compound possesses rotational symmetry.

  • beta (b) pleated sheet

    For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when two or more protein chains line up side-by-side.

  • Conjugated

    A conjugated diene or carbonyl is one in which the double bonds are separated by one single bond

  • dash

    In bond-line structures, agroup going behind the page.

  • dipole moment (m)

    The amount of partial charge (d ) on either end of a dipole multiplied by the distance of separation (d): m=d × d

  • eicosanoids

    A class of lipids which includes leukotrienes, prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and prostacyclins.

  • Fourier-transform NMR (FT-NMR)

    In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, a technique in which the sample is irradiated with a short pulse that covers the entire range of relevant rf frequencies.

  • furanose

    A five-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.

  • glycoside

    An acetal that is obtained by treating the cyclic hemiacetal form of a monosaccharide with an alcohol under acid-catalyzed conditions.

  • Henderson-Hasselbalch equation

    An equation that is often employed to calculate the pH of buffered solutions: pH = pKa + log 3conjugated base4 3acid4

  • ignal splitting in NMR

    Spin-spin coupling with adjacent nuclei split NMR signals depending on the extent of coupling and the number of adjacent equivalent nuclei.

  • molecular weight

    The mass of the collection of atoms represented by the chemical formula for a molecule. (Section 3.3)

  • nitronium ion

    The NO2+ ion, which is present in a mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid.

  • radioactive

    Possessing radioactivity, the spontaneous disintegration of an unstable atomic nucleus with accompanying emission of radiation. (Section 2.2; Chapter 21: Introduction)

  • rearrangement

    One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.

  • retro Diels-Alder reaction

    The reverse of a Diels-Alder reaction, achieved at high temperature. A cyclohexene derivative is converted into a diene and a dienophile.

  • Sanger dideoxy method

    A method developed by Frederick Sanger for sequencing DNA molecules

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