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Solutions for Chapter 18.14: OTHER CROSSED CONDENSATIONS

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 18.14: OTHER CROSSED CONDENSATIONS

Solutions for Chapter 18.14
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Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221. Chapter 18.14: OTHER CROSSED CONDENSATIONS includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. Since 1 problems in chapter 18.14: OTHER CROSSED CONDENSATIONS have been answered, more than 38511 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Activation energy

    The difference in Gibbs free energy between reactants and a transition state

  • allotropes.

    Two or more forms of the same element that differ significantly in chemical and physical properties. (2.6)

  • amino acid residue

    The individual repeating units in a polypeptide chain or protein.

  • amplitude.

    The vertical distance from the middle of a wave to the peak or trough. (7.1)

  • atomic number

    The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom of an element. (Section 2.3)

  • Carboxylic acid

    A compound containing a carboxyl, !COOH, group.

  • combination reaction.

    A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (4.4)

  • condensed structure

    A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.

  • decarboxylation

    A reaction involving loss of CO2, characteristic of compounds containing a carbonyl group that is beta to a COOH group.

  • Energy

    The ability to do work.

  • hydrogen bonding

    A special type of dipole-dipole interaction that occurs between an electronegative atom and a hydrogen atom that is connected to another electronegative atom.

  • limiting reactant (limiting reagent)

    The reactant present in the smallest stoichiometric quantity in a mixture of reactants; the amount of product that can form is limited by the complete consumption of the limiting reactant. (Section 3.7)

  • lone pair

    A pair of unshared, or nonbonding, electrons.

  • nucleophilic aromatic substitution

    A substitution reaction in which an aromatic ring is attacked by a nucleophile, which replaces a leaving group.

  • Optical purity

    The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.

  • photoionization

    The removal of an electron from an atom or molecule by absorption of light. (Section 18.2)

  • Polyunsaturated fatty acid

    A fatty acid with two or more carbon-carbon double bonds in its hydrocarbon chain

  • Pyranose

    A six-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.

  • quantitative analysis

    The determination of the amount of a given substance that is present in a sample. (Section 17.7)

  • Zwitterion

    An internal salt of an amino acid; the carboxylate is negatively charged, and the ammonium group is positively charged

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