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Solutions for Chapter 19.19: SYNTHESIS OF MONOSUBSTITUTED AND DISUBSTITUTED BENZENES

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 19.19: SYNTHESIS OF MONOSUBSTITUTED AND DISUBSTITUTED BENZENES

Solutions for Chapter 19.19
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Chapter 19.19: SYNTHESIS OF MONOSUBSTITUTED AND DISUBSTITUTED BENZENES includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 2 problems in chapter 19.19: SYNTHESIS OF MONOSUBSTITUTED AND DISUBSTITUTED BENZENES have been answered, more than 8386 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,2-adduct

    The product obtainedfrom 1,2-addition across a conjugated p system.

  • Aceto group

    A CH3CO! group; also called an acetyl group

  • acid ionization constant (Ka).

    The equilibrium constant for the acid ionization. (15.5)

  • antibonding MO

    A high-energy molecular orbital resulting from the destructive interference between atomic orbitals.

  • aromatic hydrocarbon.

    A hydrocarbon that contains one or more benzene rings. (24.1)

  • chemical property.

    Any property of a substance that cannot be studied without converting the substance into some other substance. (1.6)

  • chlorohydrin

    A compound containing a Cl group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.

  • column chromatography

    A technique by which compounds are separated from each other based on a difference in the way they interact with the medium (the adsorbent) through which they are passed.

  • cyanohydrin

    A compound containing a cyano group and a hydroxyl group connected to the same carbon atom.

  • Deactivating group

    Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be lower than that for benzene.

  • decomposition reaction

    A chemical reaction in which a single compound reacts to give two or more products. (Section 3.2)

  • deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

    A polynucleotide in which the sugar component is deoxyribose. (Section 24.10)

  • Heat of combustion (DH0 )

    Standard heat of combustion is the heat released when one mole of a substance in its standard state (gas, liquid, solid) is oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water.

  • hydrophobic

    Water repelling. The term is often used to describe a type of colloid. (Section 13.6)

  • integration

    In 1H NMR spectroscopy, the area under a signal indicates the number of protons giving rise to the signal.

  • neutralization reaction

    A reaction in which an acid and a base react in stoichiometrically equivalent amounts; the neutralization reaction between an acid and a metal hydroxide produces water and a salt. (Section 4.3)

  • nonmetallic elements (nonmetals)

    Elements in the upper right corner of the periodic table; nonmetals differ from metals in their physical and chemical properties. (Section 2.5)

  • off-resonance decoupling

    In NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which only the one-bond couplings are observed. CH3 groups appear as quartets, CH2 groups appear as triplets, CH groups appear as doublets, and quaternary carbon atoms appear as singlets.

  • Pyranose

    A six-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.

  • sp2 Hybrid orbital

    A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and two 2p atomic orbitals.

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