- 19.22.36: What product is formed from the reaction of p -methylphenol with be...
- 19.22.37: In the mechanism for electrophilic aromatic substitution with a dia...
- 19.22.38: Draw the structure of the activated benzene ring and the diazonium ...
Solutions for Chapter 19.22: The Arenediazonium Ion as an Electrophile
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
A solution in which water is the solvent. (Chapter 4: Introduction)
Bond dissociation enthalpy
The amount of energy required to break a bond into two radicals in the gas phase at 25°C, A!B !> A• 1 •B
boundary surface diagram.
Diagram of the region containing a substantial amount of the electron density (about 90 percent) in an orbital. (7.7)
An ion containing a central metal cation bonded to one or more molecules or ions. (16.10)
critical pressure (Pc).
The minimum pressure necessary to bring about liquefaction at the critical temperature. (11.8)
crystal field splitting (D).
The energy difference between two sets of d orbitals in a metal atom when ligands are present. (23.5)
The attraction between the positive end of one dipole and the negative end of another.
Haloarene (aryl halide)
A compound containing a halogen atom bonded to a benzene ring. Given the symbol Ar!X
In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a halogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.
Water that contains appreciable concentrations of Ca2 + and Mg 2 + ; these ions react with soaps to form an insoluble material. (Section 18.4)
An amine in which nitrogen is one of the atoms of a ring
High-density lipoprotein (HDL)
Plasma particles, density 1.06–1.21 g/mL, consisting of approximately 33% proteins, 30% cholesterol, 29% phospholipids, and 8% triglycerides.
A hydrogen atom with two electrons in its valence shell; H:!
A reaction with water. When a cation or anion reacts with water, it changes the pH. (Sections 16.9 and 24.4)
Materials that do not conduct electricity. (Section 12.7)
A bond between oppositely charged ions. The ions are formed from atoms by transfer of one or more electrons. (Section 8.1)
The group that is displaced in a substitution reaction or the Lewis base that is lost in an elimination reaction
A voltaic cell that cannot be recharged. (Section 20.7)
A homogeneous alloy, where two or more elements are distributed randomly and uniformly throughout the solid. (Section 12.3)
A reaction with a negative DG, which means that products are favored at equilibrium.