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Solutions for Chapter 20.7: Some Amine Heterocycles Have Important Roles in Nature 1

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 20.7: Some Amine Heterocycles Have Important Roles in Nature 1

Chapter 20.7: Some Amine Heterocycles Have Important Roles in Nature 1 includes 7 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221. Since 7 problems in chapter 20.7: Some Amine Heterocycles Have Important Roles in Nature 1 have been answered, more than 41718 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • angle strain

    The increase in energy associated with a bond angle that has deviated from the preferred angle of 109.5°.

  • band theory.

    Delocalized electrons move freely through “bands” formed by overlapping molecular orbitals. (21.3)

  • chlor-alkali process.

    The production of chlorine gas by the electrolysis of aqueous NaCl solution. (22.6)

  • Curved arrow

    A symbol used to show the redistribution of valence electrons in resonance contributing structures or reactions, symbolizing movement of two electrons

  • density

    The ratio of an object’s mass to its volume. (Section 1.4)

  • elimination-addition

    A reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.

  • enantiomer

    A nonsuperimposable mirror image.

  • Imide

    A functional group in which two acyl groups, RCO! or ArCO!, are bonded to a nitrogen atom

  • Nucleic acid

    A biopolymer containing three types of monomer units: heterocyclic aromatic amine bases derived from purine and pyrimidine, the monosaccharides d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose, and phosphoric acid

  • Observed rotation

    the number of degrees through which a compound rotates the plane of polarized light

  • off-resonance decoupling

    In NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which only the one-bond couplings are observed. CH3 groups appear as quartets, CH2 groups appear as triplets, CH groups appear as doublets, and quaternary carbon atoms appear as singlets.

  • optically active

    A compound that rotates plane-polarized light.

  • Pauli exclusion principle

    The rule that states that an atomic orbital or molecular orbital can accommodate a maximum of two electrons with opposite spin.

  • pi 1P2 bond

    A covalent bond in which electron density is concentrated above and below the internuclear axis. (Section 9.6)

  • primary

    A term used to indicate that exactly one alkyl group is attached directly to a particular position. For example, a primary carbocation has one alkyl group (not more) attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).

  • protein

    A biopolymer formed from amino acids. (Section 24.7)

  • quaternary structure

    The structure of a protein resulting from the clustering of several individual protein chains into a final specific shape. (Section 24.7)

  • radical initiator

    A compound with a weak bond that undergoes homolytic bond cleavage with great ease, producing radicals that can initiate a radical chain process.

  • reaction quotient (Q)

    The value that is obtained when concentrations of reactants and products are inserted into the equilibrium expression. If the concentrations are equilibrium concentrations, Q = K; otherwise, Q ? K. (Section 15.6)

  • Rearrangement

    A change in connectivity of the atoms in a product compared with the con nectivity of the same atoms in the starting material.

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