- 21.1.1: Classify the following monosaccharides: CH2OH HO H HO H H OH H OH C...
- 21.1.19: 4-Hydroxy- and 5-hydroxyaldehydes exist primarily as cyclic hemiace...
- 21.1.20: Draw the following sugars using Haworth projections: a. b - d -gala...
- 21.1.21: d -Glucose most often exists as a pyranose, but it can also exist a...
- 21.1.22: Draw the anomers of d -erythrofuranose.
Solutions for Chapter 21.1: CLASSIFICATION OF CARBOHYDRATES
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
The term describing a carbonyl group (CRO bond) connected to an alkyl group or aryl group.
A compound that contains both an amino group and a carboxyl group
Stereoisomeric cyclic hemiacetals of an aldose or ketose that differ from each other in their configuration at the anomeric carbon.
A solution in which water is the solvent. (Chapter 4: Introduction)
One-half the distance between the two nuclei in two adjacent atoms of the same element in a metal. For elements that exist as diatomic units, the atomic radius is one-half the distance between the nuclei of the two atoms in a particular molecule. (8.3)
As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up the elements, electrons similarly are added to the atomic orbitals. (7.9)
A reaction in which a carbonyl group is completely reduced and replaced with two hydrogen atoms.
A material that, when stretched or otherwise distorted, returns to its original shape when the distorting force is released.
A state that is achieved when a compound absorbs energy.
A conformation that exhibits a gauche interaction.
A reaction that involves the addition of H and X (either Br or Cl) across an alkene.
Phosphoglycerides thatcontain choline.
A substance that exhibits one or more partially ordered liquid phases above the melting point of the solid form. By contrast, in nonliquid crystalline substances the liquid phase that forms upon melting is completely unordered. (Section 11.7)
The science of extracting metals from their natural sources by a combination of chemical and physical processes. It is also concerned with the properties and structures of metals and alloys. (Section 23.1)
pH titration curve
A graph of pH as a function of added titrant. (Section 17.3)
Properties that can be measured without changing the composition of a substance, for example, color and freezing point. (Section 1.3)
Any chemical species that contains one or more unpaired electrons.
An equation thatdescribes the relationship between the rate of a reactionand the concentration of reactants.
A conformation of cyclohexane that is lower in energy than a boat conformation but higher in energy than a chair conformation.
A nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring that is twisted from and slightly more stable than a boat conformation.