- 21.2.2: Draw Fischer projections of l -glucose and l -fructose.
- 21.2.3: Indicate whether each of the following structures is d -glyceraldeh...
Solutions for Chapter 21.2: The D and L Notation
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
A format for naming primary amines containing a complex alkyl group.
Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is annulene.
The ability of the atoms of an element to form bonds with one another. (22.3)
A separation method involving passing a vapor or solution mixture through a column packed with a material with different affi nities for different components of the mixture.
electrostatic potential maps
A three-dimensional, rainbowlike image used to visualize partial charges in a compound.
A diagram that shows the energies of molecular orbitals relative to the atomic orbitals from which they are derived. Also called a molecular-orbital diagram. (Section 9.7)
The time required for the concentration of a reactant substance to decrease to half its initial value; the time required for half of a sample of a particular radioisotope to decay. (Sections 14.4 and 21.4)
Haloalkene (vinylic halide)
A compound containing a halogen atom bonded to one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.
A compound containing a five-membered ring that is similar to pyrrole but has one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.
A polymer in which the repeating units contain chirality centers which all have the same configuration.
The absolute temperature scale; the SI unit for temperature is the kelvin. Zero on the Kelvin scale corresponds to -273.15 °C. (Section 1.4)
A cyclic amide.
law of constant composition
A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure compound is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of definite proportions. (Section 1.2)
A drawing style inwhich the electrons take center stage.linear polymer (Sect. 27.6): A polymer thathas only a minimal amount of branching or nobranching at all.
A magneticfield generated by a spinning proton.
A device that measures the rotation of plane-polarized light caused by optically active compounds.
A polymer containing the !NHCO2! group as a repeating unit
For radical reactions,the steps whose sum gives the net chemical reaction.
The power to which the concentration of a reactant is raised in a rate law. (Section 14.3)
A reaction with a negative DG, which means that products are favored at equilibrium.