- 21.3.4: a. Are d -erythrose and l -erythrose enantiomers or diastereomers? ...
- 21.3.5: a. What sugar is the C-3 epimer of d -xylose? b. What sugar is the ...
- 21.3.6: What are the systematic names of the following compounds? Indicate ...
Solutions for Chapter 21.3: THE CONFIGURATIONS OF ALDOSES
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
alkaline earth metals
Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
Compounds containing a nitrogen atom that is connected to one, two, or three alkyl or aryl groups.
The energy gap between a fully occupied band called a valence band and an empty band called the conduction band. (Section 12.7)
Similarities between pairs of elements in different groups and periods of the periodic table. (8.6)
Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of one another.
A process in which a carboxylic acid is converted into an ester when treated with an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst.
The practice in which water laden with sand and other materials is pumped at high pressure into rock formations to release natural gas and other petroleum materials. (Section 18.4)
In mass spectrometry, when the molecular ion breaks apart into fragments.
nucleophilic acyl substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.
One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are approximately coplanar.
pH titration curve
A graph of pH as a function of added titrant. (Section 17.3)
The conversion of a substance from one state of matter to another. The phase changes we consider are melting and freezing 1solid ? liquid2, sublimation and deposition, and vaporization and condensation 1liquid ? gas2. (Section 11.4)
A polymer constructed from nucleotides linked together.
The smallest increment of radiant energy that may be absorbed or emitted; the magnitude of radiant energy is hn. (Section 6.2)
radial probability function
The probability that the electron will be found at a certain distance from the nucleus. (Section 6.6)
A radioactive nuclide. (Section 21.1)
reaction quotient (Q)
The value that is obtained when concentrations of reactants and products are inserted into the equilibrium expression. If the concentrations are equilibrium concentrations, Q = K; otherwise, Q ? K. (Section 15.6)
An addition or substitution reaction in which one of two or more possible products is formed in preference to all others that might be formed.
A process by which one or more compounds are removed from a mixture of organic compounds, based on a difference in solubility and/or acid-base properties.