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Solutions for Chapter 21.15: Disaccharides

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 21.15: Disaccharides

Solutions for Chapter 21.15
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Since 1 problems in chapter 21.15: Disaccharides have been answered, more than 38487 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 21.15: Disaccharides includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activation energy (Ea)

    The minimum energy needed for reaction; the height of the energy barrier to formation of products. (Section 14.5)

  • Acyl group

    An RCO! or ArCO! group.

  • carbon black

    A microcrystalline form of carbon. (Section 22.9)

  • Condensation polymerization

    A polymerization in which chain growth occurs in a stepwise manner between difunctional monomers. Also called step-growth polymerization.

  • conjugate acid

    A substance formed by addition of a proton to a Brønsted–Lowry base. (Section 16.2)

  • dispersion forces

    Intermolecular forces resulting from attractions between induced dipoles. Also called London dispersion forces. (Section 11.2)

  • Double-headed arrow

    A symbol used to show that structures on either side of it are resonance-contributing structures

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • Gibbs free energy

    A thermodynamic state function that combines enthalpy and entropy, in the form G = H - TS. For a change occurring at constant temperature and pressure, the change in free energy is ?G = ?H - T?S. (Section 19.5)

  • group

    Elements that are in the same column of the periodic table; elements within the same group or family exhibit similarities in their chemical behavior. (Section 2.5)

  • hydration

    A reaction in which a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) are added across a p bond.

  • intermetallic compound

    A homogeneous alloy with definite properties and a fixed composition. Intermetallic compounds are stoichiometric compounds that form between metallic elements. (Section 12.3)

  • lambda max (lmax)

    In UVVis spectroscopy, the wavelength of maximum absorption.

  • noble gases

    Members of group 8A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)

  • Oxonium ion

    An ion in which oxygen bears a positive charge.

  • radical anion

    An intermediate that has both a negative charge and an unpaired electron.

  • Resolution

    Separation of a racemic mixture into its enantiomers; in mass spectrometry, a measure of how well a mass spectrometer separates ions of different mass.

  • salt

    An ionic compound formed by replacing one or more hydrogens of an acid by other cations. (Section 4.3)

  • saturated solution

    A solution in which undissolved solute and dissolved solute are in equilibrium. (Section 13.2)

  • Spin-spin coupling

    An interaction in which nuclear spins of adjacent atoms infl uence each other and lead to the spitting of NMR signals.

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