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Solutions for Chapter 25.9: The Catabolism of Proteins

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 25.9: The Catabolism of Proteins

Solutions for Chapter 25.9
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Since 2 problems in chapter 25.9: The Catabolism of Proteins have been answered, more than 38233 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. Chapter 25.9: The Catabolism of Proteins includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acyl group

    The term describing a carbonyl group (CRO bond) connected to an alkyl group or aryl group.

  • alpha (a) anomer

    The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is trans to the CH2OH

  • amino acid residue

    The individual repeating units in a polypeptide chain or protein.

  • antioxidants

    Radical scavengers that prevent autooxidation by preventing radical chain reactions from beginning.

  • condensation reaction

    A chemical reaction in which a small molecule (such as a molecule of water) is split out from between two reacting molecules. (Sections 12.6 and 22.8)

  • Dalton’s law of partial pressures.

    The total pressure of a mixture of gases is just the sum of the pressures that each gas would exert if it were present alone. (5.6)

  • double bond

    A covalent bond involving two electron pairs. (Section 8.3)

  • Fischer projection

    A twodimensional representation of a molecule; in these projections, groups on the right and left are by convention in front, while those at the top and bottom are to the rear.

  • furanose

    A five-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.

  • Gibbs free energy

    A thermodynamic state function that combines enthalpy and entropy, in the form G = H - TS. For a change occurring at constant temperature and pressure, the change in free energy is ?G = ?H - T?S. (Section 19.5)

  • halohydrin formation

    A reaction which involves the addition of a halogen and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.

  • heterogeneous catalyst

    A catalyst that does not dissolve in the reaction medium.

  • hexagonal close packing

    A crystal structure where the atoms are packed together as closely as possible. The close-packed layers adopt a two-layer repeating pattern, which leads to a primitive hexagonal unit cell. (Section 12.3)

  • Hund’s rule

    When considering electrons in atomic orbitals, a rule that states that one electron is placed in each degenerate orbital first, before electrons are paired up.

  • Hund’s rule

    A rule stating that electrons occupy degenerate orbitals in such a way as to maximize the number of electrons with the same spin. In other words, each orbital has one electron placed in it before pairing of electrons in orbitals occurs. (Section 6.8)

  • Nonbonding electrons

    Valence electrons not involved in forming covalent bonds. Also called unshared pairs or lone pairs.

  • quaternary ammonium salt

    An ionic compound containing a positively charged nitrogen atom connected to four alkyl groups.

  • systematic name

    A name that is assigned using the rules of IUPAC nomenclature.

  • Tollens’ reagent

    A solution prepared by dissolving Ag2O in aqueous ammonia; used for selective oxidation of an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid.

  • triglyceride

    A triester formed from glycerol and three long-chain carboxylic acids.

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