Solutions for Chapter 25.18: HOW NATURE SYNTHESIZES CHOLESTEROL
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
A solution in which the solvent is water. (4.1)
In 13C NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which all 13C!1H splitting is suppressed with the use of two rf transmitters.
A step in a chain reaction that involves destruction of reactive intermediates
When two waves interact with each other in a way that produces a wave with a larger amplitude.
The conversion of a thioacetal into an alkane in the presence of Raney nickel.
The general name given to a group of polysaccharides of glucose that are synthesized in mammals and used to store energy from carbohydrates. (Section 24.7)
A carbanion with the structure RMgX.
A way to view furanose and pyranose forms of monosaccharides. The ring is drawn fl at and most commonly viewed through its edge with the anomeric carbon on the right and the oxygen atom of the ring to the rear
The equilibrium established between reactant and product substances that are all in the same phase. (Section 15.4)
A reaction that involves the addition of H and X (either Br or Cl) across an alkene.
From the Greek, meaning water-fearing.
Molecules with low molecular weights, which can be joined together (polymerized) to form a polymer. (Section 12.8)
A conversion of one kind of nucleus to another. (Section 21.3)
A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with mercury(II) acetate followed by reduction with sodium borohydride.
The conversion of a substance from one state of matter to another. The phase changes we consider are melting and freezing 1solid ? liquid2, sublimation and deposition, and vaporization and condensation 1liquid ? gas2. (Section 11.4)
A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.
A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A counterclockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as S.
sigma (s) bond
A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.
A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.
A geometry adopted by an atom that has one lone pair and a steric number of 4.
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