- 26.3.4: Indicate whether each functional group of the five heterocyclic bas...
- 26.3.5: Using the D, A, and D/A designations in , indicate how base pairing...
- 26.3.6: If one of the strands of DNA has the following sequence of bases ru...
- 26.3.7: The 2,3-cyclic phosphodiester that is formed (Figure 26.7) when RNA...
Solutions for Chapter 26.3: Nucleic Acids Are Composed of Nucleotide Subunits
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Compounds containing multiple aromatic rings fused together.
An organic compound containing the hydroxyl group —OH. (24.4)
A three-dimensional plot of y2 of a wavefunction. It is a region of space that can accommodate electron density.
The heating of an ore to bring about its decomposition and the elimination of a volatile product. For example, a carbonate ore might be calcined to drive off CO2. (Section 23.2)
An equation that uses chemical symbols to show what happens during a chemical reaction. (3.7)
Chemical shift (d)
The shift in parts per million of an NMR signal relative to the signal of TMS
A substance composed of two or more elements united chemically in definite proportions. (Section 1.2)
Confi gurational isomers
Isomers that differ by the confi guration of substituents on an atom. Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter
Electrons that are spread over a number of atoms in a molecule or a crystal rather than localized on a single atom or a pair of atoms. (Section 9.6)
Refers to a substance that rotates the plane of polarized light to the right
An effect that causes different regions of space to be characterized by different magnetic field strengths.
A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is higher than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an endergonic reaction favors starting materials
CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.
A conformation that exhibits a gauche interaction.
A lithium dialkyl cuprate (R2CuLi).
An amorphous solid formed by fusion of SiO2, CaO, and Na2O. Other oxides may also be used to form glasses with differing characteristics. (Section 22.10)
glass transition temperature (Tg)
The temperature at which noncrystalline polymers become very soft.
Heat of reaction (DH0 )
The difference in enthalpy between reactants and products. If the enthalpy of products is lower than that of the reactants, heat is released and the reaction is exothermic. If the enthalpy of the products is higher than that of the reactants, energy is absorbed, and the reaction is endothermic
The group that is displaced in a substitution reaction or the Lewis base that is lost in an elimination reaction
For light, the orientation of the electric field.