- Chapter 0.0-1: What is the difference between qualitative and quantitative analysis?
- Chapter 0.0-2: List the steps in a chemical analysis.
- Chapter 0.0-3: What does it mean to mask an interfering species?
- Chapter 0.0-4: What is the purpose of a calibration curve?
- Chapter 0.0-5: (a) What is the difference between a homogeneous material and a het...
- Chapter 0.0-6: The iodide (I) content of a commercial mineral water was measured b...
Solutions for Chapter Chapter 0: The Analytical Process
Full solutions for Quantitative Chemical Analysis | 8th Edition
A two-step process that achieves Markovnikov addition of an alcohol (H and OR) across an alkene. The product of this process is an ether.
A term used to classify benzene and its derivatives.
A compound that contains the ¬COOH functional group. (Sections 16.10 and 24.4)
An expression showing the chemical composition of a compound in terms of the symbols for the atoms of the elements involved. (2.6)
A reaction in which a carbonyl group is completely reduced and replaced with two hydrogen atoms.
Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter
electromagnetic radiation (radiant energy)
A form of energy that has wave characteristics and that propagates through a vacuum at the characteristic speed of 3.00 * 108 m >s. (Section 6.1)
Stereoisomers that are nonsuperposable mirror images of each other; refers to a relationship between pairs of objects
A higher energy state than the ground state. (Section 6.3)
Any process with a negative DG.
A special type of dipole-dipole interaction that occurs between an electronegative atom and a hydrogen atom that is connected to another electronegative atom.
A bond that results from the force of attraction between two oppositely charged ions.
The vectors a, b, and c that define a crystal lattice. The position of any lattice point in a crystal can be represented by summing integer multiples of the lattice vectors. (Section 12.2)
In additionreactions, the observation that the hydrogen atomis generally placed at the vinylic position alreadybearing the larger number of hydrogen atoms.
molar heat capacity
The heat required to raise the temperature of one mole of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)
A compound that is similar in structure to pyridine but contains one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.
A measure of the energy absorbed from radiation by tissue or other biological material; 1 rad = transfer of 1 * 10-2 J of energy per kilogram of material. (Section 21.9)
Elimination of two substituents at a metal center, causing the oxidation state of the metal to decrease by two.
A mixture of substances that has a uniform composition; a homogeneous mixture. (Section 1.2)
Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).