Solutions for Chapter 1.5: Atomic Orbitals

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134042282 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780134042282

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134042282 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 1.5: Atomic Orbitals

Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134042282. Since 4 problems in chapter 1.5: Atomic Orbitals have been answered, more than 15162 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 1.5: Atomic Orbitals includes 4 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • actinide element

    Element in which the 5f orbitals are only partially occupied. (Section 6.8)

  • addition polymers

    Polymers that are formed via cationic addition, anionic addition, or free-radical addition.

  • alpha (a) position

    The position immediately adjacent to a functional group.

  • Anomers

    Carbohydrates that differ in confi guration only at their anomeric carbons.

  • Benzylic position

    An sp3 -hybridized carbon bonded to a benzene ring

  • bonding atomic radius

    The radius of an atom as defined by the distances separating it from other atoms to which it is chemically bonded. (Section 7.3)

  • donor atom

    The atom of a ligand that bonds to the metal. (Section 23.2)

  • elimination (of radicals)

    In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.

  • Enolate anion

    An anion derived by loss of a hydrogen from a carbon alpha to a carbonyl group; the anion of an enol.

  • fragmentation

    In mass spectrometry, when the molecular ion breaks apart into fragments.

  • homogeneous equilibrium

    The equilibrium established between reactant and product substances that are all in the same phase. (Section 15.4)

  • lanthanide contraction

    The gradual decrease in atomic and ionic radii with increasing atomic number among the lanthanide elements, atomic numbers 57 through 70. The decrease arises because of a gradual increase in effective nuclear charge through the lanthanide series. (Section 23.1)

  • polysaccharide

    A substance made up of many monosaccharide units joined together. (Section 24.8)

  • Quaternary (4°) ammonium ion

    An ion in which nitrogen is bonded to four carbons and bears a positive charge

  • Reduction

    The gain of electrons. Alternatively, either the gain of hydrogen, loss of oxygen, or both

  • s-cis

    A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).

  • salinity

    A measure of the salt content of seawater, brine, or brackish water. It is equal to the mass in grams of dissolved salts present in 1 kg of seawater. (Section 18.3)

  • sigma (s) bond

    A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.

  • silicates

    Compounds containing silicon and oxygen, structurally based on SiO4 tetrahedra. (Section 22.10)

  • substitution reactions

    Reactions in which one group is replaced by another group.

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