- 1.5.21: Which of the atoms in the molecular models in havea. three lone pai...
- 1.5.22: Change the following condensed structures to Kekul structures:a. CH...
- 1.5.23: Convert the models in to skeletal structures.
- 1.5.24: Draw the following orbitals:a. 3s orbital b. 4s orbital c. 3p orbital
Solutions for Chapter 1.5: Atomic Orbitals
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)
A carbohydrate that contains an aldehyde group.
The compound CH2"C"CH2. Any compound that contains adjacent carbon-carbon double bonds; that is, any molecule that contains a C"C"C functional group.
The positions that are adjacent to the vinylic positions of a carboncarbon double bond.
An object that is not superimposable on its mirror image.
A term describing a molecule or an ion that cannot be superimposed on its mirror image. (Sections 23.4 and 24.5)
A lipid that readily undergoes hydrolysis in aqueous acid or base to produce smaller fragments.
Polymerization in which molecules are joined together through condensation reactions. (Section 12.8)
Dalton’s law of partial pressures
A law stating that the total pressure of a mixture of gases is the sum of the pressures that each gas would exert if it were present alone. (Section 10.6)
Removal of !H and !X from adjacent carbons; a type of b-elimination
deoxyribonucleic acids (DNA).
A type of nucleic acid. (25.4)
The structure for DNA that involves the winding of two DNA polynucleotide chains together in a helical arrangement. The two strands of the double helix are complementary in that the organic bases on the two strands are paired for optimal hydrogen bond interaction. (Section 24.10)
Enthalpy change, DH
The difference in total bond strengths and solvation between various points under comparison on a reaction coordinate diagram
A characteristic group of atoms/bonds that possess a predictable chemical behavior.
Elements that are in the same column of the periodic table; elements within the same group or family exhibit similarities in their chemical behavior. (Section 2.5)
A structure corresponding to a local minimum (valley) in an energy diagram.
A substance that does not ionize in water and consequently gives a nonconducting solution. (Section 4.1)
parts per billion (ppb)
The concentration of a solution in grams of solute per 109 (billion) grams of solution; equals micrograms of solute per liter of solution for aqueous solutions. (Section 13.4)
A concise verbal statement or a mathematical equation that summarizes a wide range of observations and experiences. (Section 1.3)
Experimental conditions that permit the establishment of equilibrium between two or more products of a reaction. The composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative stabilities of the products.