- 1.6.25: Predict whether He2+ exists.
- 1.6.26: Indicate the kind of molecular orbital (s, s*, p, or p*) that resul...
Solutions for Chapter 1.6: An Introduction to Molecular Orbital Theory
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
A CH3CO! group; also called an acetyl group
alpha (a) position
The position immediately adjacent to a functional group.
The amount of acid or base a buffer can neutralize before the pH begins to change appreciably. (Section 17.2)
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (13.1)
cholesteric liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal formed from flat, disc-shaped molecules that align through a stacking of the molecular discs. (Section 11.7)
When two waves interact with each other in a way that produces a wave with a larger amplitude.
The gradual mixing of molecules of one gas with the molecules of another by virtue of their kinetic properties. (5.7)
A molecule containing an !S!S! group
A fi ve-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.
Elements that are in the same column of the periodic table; elements within the same group or family exhibit similarities in their chemical behavior. (Section 2.5)
An equation for either an oxidation or a reduction that explicitly shows the electrons involved, for example, Zn2 + 1aq2 + 2 e- ¡ Zn1s2. (Section 20.2)
Heat of reaction (DH0 )
The difference in enthalpy between reactants and products. If the enthalpy of products is lower than that of the reactants, heat is released and the reaction is exothermic. If the enthalpy of the products is higher than that of the reactants, energy is absorbed, and the reaction is endothermic
Theresonance-stabilized intermediate of a nucleophilicaromatic substitution reaction.
An electrically neutral particle found in the nucleus of an atom; it has approximately the same mass as a proton. (Section 2.3)
The amide linkage by which two amino acids are coupled together to form peptides.
When electromagnetic radiation is viewed as a particle, an individual packet of energy.
A measure of the ease of distortion of the distribution of electron density about an atom or group in response to interaction with other molecules or ions. Fluorine which has a high electronegativity and holds its electrons tightly, has a very low polarizability. Iodine, which has a lower electronegativity and holds its electrons less tightly, has a very high polarizability.
For radical reactions,the steps whose sum gives the net chemical reaction.
S (Section 3.3
From the Latin, sinister, left; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is counterclockwise
Williamson ether synthesis
A general method for the synthesis of dialkyl ethers by an SN2 reaction between a haloalkane and an alkoxide ion.