- 2.3.10: Draw the conjugate acid of each of the following:
- 2.3.11: a. Write an equation showing CH3OH reacting as an acid with NH3 and...
- 2.3.12: Estimate the pKa values of the following compounds:a. CH3CH2CH2NH2 ...
- 2.3.13: a. Which is a stronger base: CH3COO- or HCOO- ? (The pKa of CH3COOH...
- 2.3.14: Using the pKa values in Section 2.3, rank the following species fro...
Solutions for Chapter 2.3: Organic Acids and Bases
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
Attraction between unlike molecules. (11.3)
Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)
A unit of pressure equal to 760 torr; 1 atm = 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2) atom The smallest representative particle of an element. (Sections 1.1 and 2.1)
Delocalized electrons move freely through “bands” formed by overlapping molecular orbitals. (21.3)
A neutral molecule with nonadjacent positive and negative charges. An example of a betaine is the intermediate formed by addition of a Wittig reagent to an aldehyde or ketone
A step in a chain reaction characterized by the formation of reactive intermediates (radicals, anions, or cations) from nonradical or noncharged molecules
A reaction (generally involving radicals) in which one chemical entity can ultimately cause a chemical transformation for thousands of molecules.
The transfer of reactivity of an endgroup from one chain to another during a polymerization
A law stating that at constant pressure, the volume of a given quantity of gas is proportional to absolute temperature. (Section 10.3)
A process in which a substance (or substances) is changed into one or more new substances. (3.7)
A bond to a chair conformation of cyclohexane that extends from the ring roughly perpendicular to the imaginary axis through the center of the ring; a bond that lies roughly along the equator of a cyclohexane ring
A compound containing a five-membered ring that is similar to pyrrole but has one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.
A compound containing a CRN bond.
An allowed energy state of an electron in the quantum mechanical model of the atom; the term orbital is also used to describe the spatial distribution of the electron. An orbital is defined by the values of three quantum numbers: n, l, and ml (Section 6.5)
A compound that contains a carbon-metal bond.
A material that can be formed into particular shapes by application of heat and pressure. (Section 12.8)
The energy that can be released if given an opportunity
Constitutional isomers that rapidly interconvert via the migration of a proton.
A polymer that can be molded when it is fi rst prepared, but once cooled, hardens irreversibly and cannot be remelted.
The conjugate base of a thiol.