Solutions for Chapter 2.7: How Substituents Affect the Strength of an Acid

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134042282 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780134042282

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134042282 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 2.7: How Substituents Affect the Strength of an Acid

Chapter 2.7: How Substituents Affect the Strength of an Acid includes 3 full step-by-step solutions. Since 3 problems in chapter 2.7: How Substituents Affect the Strength of an Acid have been answered, more than 15074 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134042282. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acceptor impurities.

    Impurities that can accept electrons from semiconductors. (21.3)

  • Anomers

    Carbohydrates that differ in confi guration only at their anomeric carbons.

  • anti-Markovnikov addition

    An addition reaction in which a hydrogen atom is installed at the more substituted vinylic position and another group (such as a halogen) is installed at the less substituted vinylic position.

  • Aprotic acid

    An acid that is not a proton donor; an acid that is an electron pair acceptor in a Lewis acid-base reaction.

  • arenium ion

    The positively charged, resonance-stabilized, intermediate of anelectrophilic aromatic substitution reaction. Also called a sigma complex.

  • battery.

    A galvanic cell, or a series of combined galvanic cells, that can be used as a source of direct electric current at a constant voltage. (18.6)

  • bending

    In IR spectroscopy, a type of vibration that generally produces a signal in the fingerprint region of an IR spectrum.

  • chemical equation.

    An equation that uses chemical symbols to show what happens during a chemical reaction. (3.7)

  • disrotatory

    In electrocyclicreactions, a type of rotation in which the orbitalsbeing used to form the new s bond must rotate in opposite directions (one rotates clockwise while the other rotates counterclockwise).

  • elastomers

    Polymers that return to their original shape after being stretched.

  • entropy

    A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)

  • geometric isomerism

    A form of isomerism in which compounds with the same type and number of atoms and the same chemical bonds have different spatial arrangements of these atoms and bonds. (Sections 23.4 and 24.4)

  • ideal-gas equation

    An equation of state for gases that embodies Boyle’s law, Charles’s law, and Avogadro’s hypothesis in the form PV = nRT. (Section 10.4)

  • ketone

    A compound in which the carbonyl group 1C “O2 occurs at the interior of a carbon chain and is therefore flanked by carbon atoms. (Section 24.4)

  • Lactam

    A cyclic amide.

  • metallic character

    The extent to which an element exhibits the physical and chemical properties characteristic of metals, for example, luster, malleability, ductility, and good thermal and electrical conductivity. (Section 7.6)

  • octet rule

    A rule stating that bonded atoms tend to possess or share a total of eight valence-shell electrons. (Section 8.1)

  • Peptide bond

    The special name given to the amide bond formed between the a-amino group of one amino acid and the a-carboxyl group of another amino acid

  • Prostaglandin

    A member of the family of compounds having the 20-carbon skeleton of prostanoic acid

  • Wolff-Kishner reduction

    Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using hydrazine and a base. Ylide (Section 16.6)

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