- 3.1: a. How many hydrogens does an alkane with 17 carbons have?b. How ma...
- 3.2: Draw the structures of octane and isooctane.
- 3.3: a. Build models of the stereoisomers of 2,3-dibromobutane labeled 1...
- 3.4: Build a model of each of the four stereoisomers of 2,3-dibromopenta...
- 3.5: Build a model of (S)-2-pentanol
- 3.6: Build a model of (2S,3S)-3-bromo-2-butanol. Rotate the model so its...
- 3.7: Build a model of each of the compounds shown in on p. 182. Name the...
- 3.8: a. Build a model of cis-1-bromo-4-chlorocyclohexane. Build its mirr...
- 3.9: Build models of cis-1,2-dichlorocyclohexane and trans-1,2-dichloroc...
- 3.10: Build models of the molecules shown in 99a and 99c on p. 185. What ...
- 3.11: Build two models of trans-2-pentene. To each model, add Br2 to oppo...
- 3.12: See the box titled Cyclic Alkenes on p. 269. Build models of the fo...
Solutions for Chapter 3: An Introduction to Organic Compounds
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
activation energy (Ea).
The minimum amount of energy required to initiate a chemical reaction. (13.4)
A monosaccharide containing an aldehyde group
A group that is formed by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane. (Section 25.3)
The mass of an atom in atomic mass units. (3.1)
A nuclear decay process where a beta particle is emitted from the nucleus; also called beta decay. (Section 21.1)
The measurement of heat changes. (6.5)
An atom or group of atoms bearing a positive charge.
A substance formed by the loss of a proton from a Brønsted–Lowry acid. (Section 16.2)
Cyclic polyethers whose molecular models resemble crowns.
An effect that causes different regions of space to be characterized by different magnetic field strengths.
An equation for either an oxidation or a reduction that explicitly shows the electrons involved, for example, Zn2 + 1aq2 + 2 e- ¡ Zn1s2. (Section 20.2)
Members of group 7A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)
A metal complex in which the electrons are paired in lower-energy orbitals. (Section 23.6)
A bond formed between two amino acids. (Section 24.7)
The arrangement of elements in order of increasing atomic number, with elements having similar properties placed in vertical columns. (Section 2.5)
The removal of an electron from an atom or molecule by absorption of light. (Section 18.2)
polar aprotic solvent
A solvent that lacks hydrogen atoms connected directly to an electronegative atom.
A measure of the ease of distortion of the distribution of electron density about an atom or group in response to interaction with other molecules or ions. Fluorine which has a high electronegativity and holds its electrons tightly, has a very low polarizability. Iodine, which has a lower electronegativity and holds its electrons less tightly, has a very high polarizability.
A characteristic that gives a sample of matter its unique identity. (Section 1.1)
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
A polynucleotide in which ribose is the sugar component. (Section 24.10)