- 3.1.3: Name each of the following:a.
- 3.1.4: Draw the structure of a compound with molecular formula C5H12 that ...
- 3.1.5: Draw the structures and name the four constitutional isomers with m...
- 3.1.6: Which of the following statements can be used to prove that carbon ...
- 3.1.7: Draw the structure for each of the following:a. isopropyl alcohol c...
- 3.1.8: Name the following compounds:c. CH3CH2CHNH2CH3e. CH3CHCH2BrCH3f. CH...
Solutions for Chapter 3.1: Alkyl Groups
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
The closeness of a measurement to the true value of the quantity that is measured. (1.8)
The conjugate base of acetylene or any terminal alkyne.
acid-dissociation constant (Ka)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which an acid transfers a proton to solvent water. (Section 16.6)
The addition of H2 across only one face of a p bond.
basic anhydride (basic oxide)
An oxide that forms a base when added to water; soluble metal oxides are basic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)
A galvanic cell, or a series of combined galvanic cells, that can be used as a source of direct electric current at a constant voltage. (18.6)
The light absorbed by a substance (A) equals the product of its extinction coefficient 1e2, the path length through which the light passes (b), and the molar concentration of the substance (c): A = ebc. (Section 14.2)
Energy stored within the structural units of chemical substances. (6.1)
Ground-state electron confi guration
The lowest-energy electron confi guration for an atom or molecule.
Members of group 7A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)
A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
Plasma particles, density 1.02–1.06 g/mL, consisting of approximately 26% proteins, 50% cholesterol, 21% phospholipids, and 4% triglycerides.
melt transition temperature (Tm)
The temperature at which the crystallineregions of a polymer become amorphous.
A common name for a thiol; that is, any compound that contains an -SH (sulfhydryl) group
A CH group.
In a Lewis structure a pair of electrons assigned completely to one atom; also called a lone pair. (Section 9.2)
nucleophilic aromatic substitution
A substitution reaction in which an aromatic ring is attacked by a nucleophile, which replaces a leaving group.
A mathematical description of an electron that incorporates its wavelike properties.
A reaction with a negative DG, which means that products are favored at equilibrium.
standard atmospheric pressure
Defined as 760 torr or, in SI units, 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2)