- 3.2.9: What is each compounds systematic name?a. CH3CH2CHCH2CCH3CH3CH3 CH3...
- 3.2.10: Draw the structure for 2,2-dimethyl-4-propyloctane.
- 3.2.11: Draw the structure for each of the following:a. 2,2-dimethyl-4-isop...
- 3.2.12: a. Draw the 18 isomeric octanes. d. Which isomers contain an isopro...
- 3.2.13: Give each substituent on the nine-carbon chain a common name and a ...
- 3.2.14: Draw the structure and give the systematic name for a compound with...
Solutions for Chapter 3.2: The Nomenclature of Alkanes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
An addition reaction in which two groups are installed on opposite sides of a p bond.
The electrons that are not in the outermost shell of an atom. (Section 6.8)
critical temperature (Tc).
The temperature above which a gas will not liquefy. (11.8)
crystal field splitting (D).
The energy difference between two sets of d orbitals in a metal atom when ligands are present. (23.5)
A solid that possesses rigid and long-range order; its atoms, molecules, or ions occupy specific positions. (11.4)
A reaction in which two reactants add together in a single step to form a cyclic product. The best known of these is the Diels-Alder reaction
A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.
A substance with one or more unpaired electrons. (Section 21.9)
A polymer that contains sections of one homopolymer that have been grafted onto a chain of the other homopolymer.
A compound composed of cations and anions. (Section 2.7)
The SI unit of energy, 1 kg@m2 >s2. A related unit is the calorie: 4.184 J = 1 cal. (Section 5.1)
metathesis (exchange) reaction
A reaction in which two substances react through an exchange of their component ions: AX + BY ¡ AY + BX. Precipitation and acid–base neutralization reactions are examples of metathesis reactions. (Section 4.2)
N-Terminal amino acid
The amino acid at the end of a polypeptide chain having the free !NH2 group
When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature
A compound with the structure R2CRN!OH.
Planck constant (h)
The constant that relates the energy and frequency of a photon, E = hn. Its value is 6.626 * 10-34 J@s. (Section 6.2)
polyvinyl chloride, (PVC)
A polymer formed from the polymerization of vinyl chloride (H2CRCHCl).
Reactions that utilize copper salts (CuX) and enable the installation of a halogen or a cyano group on an aromatic ring.
A solution in which undissolved solute and dissolved solute are in equilibrium. (Section 13.2)
A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.