- 4.1.1: a. Draw three constitutional isomers with molecular formula C3H8O.b...
- 4.1.2: Draw the cis and trans isomers for the following:a. 1-bromo-4-chlor...
- 4.1.3: a. Which of the following compounds can exist as cistrans isomers?b...
- 4.1.4: Draw skeletal structures for the compounds in 3, including any cist...
- 4.1.5: Draw four compounds with molecular formula C5H10 that have carbonca...
- 4.1.6: Which of the following compounds have a dipole moment of zero?
Solutions for Chapter 4.1: CisTrans Isomers Result from Restricted Rotation
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
A radical reaction that achieves installation of a bromine atom at an allylic position.
alpha 1A2 helix
A protein structure in which the protein is coiled in the form of a helix with hydrogen bonds between C “O and N ¬H groups on adjacent turns. (Section 24.7)
The energy gap between a fully occupied band called a valence band and an empty band called the conduction band. (Section 12.7)
The ability of the atoms of an element to form bonds with one another. (22.3)
A step in a chain reaction characterized by the reaction of a reactive intermediate and a molecule to give a new reactive intermediate and a new molecule.
A series of reactions in which one reaction initiates the next. (Section 21.7)
A bond in which two electrons are shared by two atoms. (9.4)
In bond-line structures, agroup going behind the page.
DEPT 13C NMR
In 13C NMR spectroscopy, a technique that utilizes two rf radiation emitters and provides information regarding the number of protons attached to each carbon atom in a compound.
homolitic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of unchanged species called radicals.
A nonpolar group that does not have favorable interactions with water.
The mass of one mole of a substance in grams; it is numerically equal to the formula weight in atomic mass units. (Section 3.4)
The change in specifi c rotation that occurs when an a or b hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate in aqueous solution is converted to an equilibrium mixture of the two forms.
A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)
A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.
A process by which one or more compounds are removed from a mixture of organic compounds, based on a difference in solubility and/or acid-base properties.
Ions that go through a reaction unchanged and that appear on both sides of the complete ionic equation. (Section 4.2)
A compound or region of a compound that is very bulky.
A term used to indicate that exactly three alkyl groups are attached directly to a particular position. For example, a tertiary carbocation has three alkyl groups attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).
A compound that contains two SR groups, both of which are connected to the same carbon atom.