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Solutions for Chapter 4.4: An Asymmetric Center is a Cause of Chirality in a Molecule
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 4.4: An Asymmetric Center is a Cause of Chirality in a MoleculeGet Full Solutions
Elements that have incompletely filled 5f subshells or readily give rise to cations that have incompletely filled 5f subshells. (7.9)
Hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon–carbon double bonds. (Section 24.2)
A carbocation in which the positive charge is adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond.
A reactive intermediate formed by b-elimination from adjacent carbon atoms of a benzene ring and having a triple bond in the benzene ring. The second p bond of the benzyne triple bond is formed by the weak overlap of coplanar 2p orbitals on adjacent carbons.
A group that can be readily installed and uninstalled. Used for regiochemical control during synthesis.
complex ion (complex)
An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases (ligands) bonded to it. (Section 17.5)
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the way the atoms are connected.
A lone pair or charge that is participating in resonance.
A molecule with one end having a partial negative charge and the other end having a partial positive charge; a polar molecule. (Section 8.4)
A compound containing an electron-deficient atom that is capable of accepting a pair of electrons.
The measure of disorder associated with a system.
Faraday constant (F )
The magnitude of charge of one mole of electrons: 96,500 C>mol. (Section 20.5)
A catalyst that dissolves in the reaction medium.
Bonding that results from intermolecular attractions between molecules containing hydrogen bonded to an electronegative element. The most important examples involve OH, NH, and HF. (Section 11.2)
A series of atoms, ions, or molecules having the same number of electrons. (Section 7.3)
Lewis symbol (electron-dot symbol)
The chemical symbol for an element, with a dot for each valence electron. (Section 8.1)
A compound that possesses chirality centers and an internal plane of symmetry.
The emission of electrons from a metal surface induced by light. (Section 6.2)
A systematic set of principles that enable the design of a synthetic route by working backward from the desired product.
Wavenumbers (—n )
The frequency of electromagnetic radiation expressed as the number of waves per centimeter, with units cm21 (read: reciprocal centimeters).