- 4.7.18: Draw enantiomers for each of the following using
- 4.7.19: Do the following structures represent identical compounds or a pair...
Solutions for Chapter 4.7: HOW TO DRAW ENANTIOMERS
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
A substance that is able to donate a H+ ion (a proton) and, hence, increases the concentration of H+1aq2 when it dissolves in water. (Section 4.3)
A liquid mixture of constant composition with a boiling point that is different from that of any of its components.
The electronic structure of a solid, defining the allowed ranges of energy for electrons in a solid. (Section 12.7)
The light absorbed by a substance (A) equals the product of its extinction coefficient 1e2, the path length through which the light passes (b), and the molar concentration of the substance (c): A = ebc. (Section 14.2)
The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the external atmospheric pressure. (11.8)
A species in which a carbon atom has only six electrons in its valence shell and bears a positive charge
A ratio relating the same quantity in two systems of units that is used to convert the units of measurement. (Section 1.6)
A process during which a protein unfolds under conditions of mild heating.
The arrangement of electrons in the orbitals of an atom or molecule (Section 6.8)
First ionization potential
The energy needed to remove the most loosely held electron from an atom or molecule.
Energetic electromagnetic radiation emanating from the nucleus of a radioactive atom. (Section 21.1)
Valence electrons not involved in forming covalent bonds. Also called unshared pairs or lone pairs.
A rule stating that bonded atoms tend to possess or share a total of eight valence-shell electrons. (Section 8.1)
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are approximately coplanar.
A polymer constructed from nucleotides linked together.
A six-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.
The determination of the presence or absence of a particular substance in a mixture. (Section 17.7)
A reaction in which a compound undergoes a decrease in oxidation state.
Specifi c rotation
The observed rotation of the plane of polarized light when a sample is placed in a tube 1.0 dm in length and at a concentration of 1 g/mL for a solution. For a pure liquid, concentration is expressed in g/mL (density).
Polymers that are hard at room temperature but soft when heated.