- 4.9.27: Convert the Fischer projection to a perspective formula.
- 4.9.28: a. Is (R)-lactic acid dextrorotatory or levorotatory?b. Is (R)-sodi...
- 4.9.29: What is the configuration of (-)-glyceraldehyde?
Solutions for Chapter 4.9: Chiral Compounds Are Optically Active
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
acid-dissociation constant (Ka)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which an acid transfers a proton to solvent water. (Section 16.6)
A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton acceptor. (Section 16.2)
A positively charged ion. (Section 2.7)
A reaction in which two smaller molecules combine to form a larger molecule. Water is invariably one of the products of such a reaction. (24.4)
A spectrum that contains radiation distributed over all wavelengths. (Section 6.3)
A neutral species containing one or more complex ions. (23.3)
Enthalpy change, DH
The difference in total bond strengths and solvation between various points under comparison on a reaction coordinate diagram
A higher energy state than the ground state. (Section 6.3)
Any process with a negative DH (the system gives energy to the surroundings).
A compound with hydroxyl (!OH) groups on adjacent carbons.
Compounds that contain only carbon, fluorine, and hydrogen (no chlorine).
Interaction of electrons in a s-bonding orbital with the vacant 2p orbital of an adjacent positively charged carbon.
The science of extracting metals from their natural sources by a combination of chemical and physical processes. It is also concerned with the properties and structures of metals and alloys. (Section 23.1)
A system of measurement used in science and in most countries. The meter and the gram are examples of metric units. (Section 1.4)
The NO+ ion, which is formed when NaNO2 is treated with HCl.
The study of carbon-containing compounds, typically containing carbon–carbon bonds. (Section 2.9; Chapter 24:Introduction)
When electromagnetic radiation is viewed as a particle, an individual packet of energy.
Light oscillating in only parallel planes.
A process of reasoning backwards from a target molecule to a suitable set of starting materials.
A process by which one or more compounds are removed from a mixture of organic compounds, based on a difference in solubility and/or acid-base properties.