Solutions for Chapter 5.2: The Nomenclature of Alkenes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
A substance that yields hydrogen ions (H1) when dissolved in water. (2.7)
The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is oxidized.
A substance capable of accepting a proton. (4.3)
A derivative of a carboxylic acid in which H of the carboxyl group is replaced by a carbon.
A compound containing a double bond (consisting of one or two C, N, or O atoms) that can react with a conjugated diene to give a Diels-Alder adduct.
enthalpy of reaction
The enthalpy change associated with a chemical reaction. (Section 5.4)
Strands of a polymer that are generated when the polymer is heated, forced through small holes, and then cooled.
First ionization potential
The energy needed to remove the most loosely held electron from an atom or molecule.
An electrophilic aromatic substitution in which a hydrogen of an aromatic ring is replaced by an alkyl or acyl group.
Heterolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that one fragment retains both electrons and the other retains none.
high-resolution mass spectrometry
A technique that involves the use of a detector that can measure the m/z values to four decimal places.This technique allows for the determination of the molecular formula of an unknown compound.
The reaction rate at a particular time as opposed to the average rate over an interval of time. (Section 14.2)
The energy required to remove an electron from a gaseous atom when the atom is in its ground state. (Section 7.4)
A monosaccharide containing a ketone group.
The very small, very dense, positively charged portion of an atom; it is composed of protons and neutrons. (Section 2.2)
The sequence of amino acids along a protein chain. (Section 24.7)
A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)
A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms, in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.
Groups that strongy deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly decreasing the rate of the reaction.
A compound containing an SRO bond that is flanked on both sides by R groups.
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