- 5.3.8: a. How many vinylic hydrogens does cyclopentene have?b. How many al...
- 5.3.9: Draw the structure for each of the following:a. 3,3-dimethylcyclope...
- 5.3.10: How many carbons are in the planar double-bond system in the follow...
- 5.3.11: How many carbons are in the planar double-bond system in each of th...
- 5.3.12: Draw the isomers for the following compounds and then name each one...
Solutions for Chapter 5.3: The Structure of Alkenes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
acidic oxide (acidic anhydride)
An oxide that either reacts with a base to form a salt or with water to form an acid. (Section 22.5)
Polymerization that occurs through coupling of monomers with one another, with no other products formed in the reaction. (Section 12.8)
Hydrocarbons that do not contain the benzene group or the benzene ring. (24.1)
antibonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated outside the region between the two nuclei of bonded atoms. Such orbitals, designated as s* or p*, are less stable (of higher energy) than bonding molecular orbitals. (Section 9.7)
The basic unit of an element that can enter into chemical combination. (2.2)
The heating of an ore to bring about its decomposition and the elimination of a volatile product. For example, a carbonate ore might be calcined to drive off CO2. (Section 23.2)
An object that is not superimposable on its mirror image.
A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.
A measure of radioactivity: 1 curie = 3.7 * 1010 nuclear disintegrations per second. (Section 21.4)
Atoms or groups on an atom that are bonded to an atom that is bonded to two nonidentical groups, one of which contains a chiral center. When one of the atoms or groups is replaced by another group, a new chiral center is created and a set of diastereomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of 2-butanol, for example, are diastereotopic. Diastereotopic groups have different chemical shifts under all conditions
A molecule containing two amino acid units joined by a peptide bond
exchange (metathesis) reaction
A reaction between compounds that when written as a molecular equation appears to involve the exchange of ions between the two reactants. (Section 4.2)
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that installs an alkyl group on an aromatic ring.
Heterolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that one fragment retains both electrons and the other retains none.
Finely powdered palladium metal deposited on solid calcium carbonate that has been specially modifi ed with lead salts. Its particular use is as a catalyst for the reduction of an alkyne to a cis alkene
A metal complex in which the electrons are paired in lower-energy orbitals. (Section 23.6)
A member of the family of compounds having the 20-carbon skeleton of prostanoic acid
A polymer, comprised of more than one kind of repeating unit, in which there is a random distribution of repeating units.
renewable energy sources
Energy such as solar energy, wind energy, and hydroelectric energy derived from essentially inexhaustible sources. (Section 5.8)
tertiary alkyl halide
An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to three alkyl groups.