- 5.6.18: a. Which of the monosubstituted cyclohexanes in Table 3.9 on p. 128...
- 5.6.19: The G for conversion of axial fluorocyclohexane to equatorial fluor...
- 5.6.20: a. Calculate the percentage of isopropylcyclohexane molecules that ...
Solutions for Chapter 5.6: Thermodynamics: How Much Product is Formed?
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
The study of the chemistry of living systems. (Chapter 24: Introduction)
The amount of acid or base a buffer can neutralize before the pH begins to change appreciably. (Section 17.2)
A unit of energy; it is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 g of water by 1 °C from 14.5 °C to 15.5 °C. A related unit is the joule: 1 cal = 4.184 J. (Section 5.1)
The process by which a liquid rises in a tube because of a combination of adhesion to the walls of the tube and cohesion between liquid particles. (Section 11.3)
common ion effect.
The shift in equilibrium caused by the addition of a compound having an ion in common with the dissolved substances. (16.2)
The spreading of a charge or lone pair as described by resonance theory.
An ionic compound that is formed upon treatment of a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.
Ground-state electron confi guration
The lowest-energy electron confi guration for an atom or molecule.
In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a halogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.
A reaction which involves the addition of a halogen and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.
An equation that is often employed to calculate the pH of buffered solutions: pH = pKa + log 3conjugated base4 3acid4
A functional group in which two acyl groups, RCO! or ArCO!, are bonded to a nitrogen atom
A polymer chain that continues to grow without chain-termination steps until either all of the monomer is consumed or some external agent is added to terminate the chain. The polymer chains will continue to grow if more monomer is added.
oxidation number (oxidation state)
A positive or negative whole number assigned to an element in a molecule or ion on the basis of a set of formal rules; to some degree it reflects the positive or negative character of that atom. (Section 4.4)
pi (p) bond
A bond formed from adjacent, overlapping p orbitals.
For proteins, the sequence of amino acid residues.
A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)
A conformation of a conjugateddiene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is translike (a dihedral angle of 180°).
A voltaic cell that can be recharged. (Section 20.7)
A compound containing an SRO bond that is flanked on both sides by R groups.