- 5.10.29: a. Which of the reactions in Figure 5.5 has a product that is therm...
- 5.10.30: Draw a reaction coordinate diagram for a reaction in whicha. the pr...
Solutions for Chapter 5.10: Kinetics: How Fast is the Product Formed?
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
The decay rate of a radioactive material, generally expressed as the number of disintegrations per unit time. (Section 21.4)
A group that is formed by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane. (Section 25.3)
Particles that are identical to helium-4 nuclei, consisting of two protons and two neutrons, symbol 4 2He or 4 2a. (Section 21.1)
In UV-Vis spectroscopy, an equation describing the relationship between molar absorptivity (e), absorbance (A), concentration (C), and path length (l): e = A (C Ž l)
A substance capable of accepting a proton. (4.3)
A molecule containing an !OH group and a !CN group bonded to the same carbon.
A type of secondary structure of DNA molecules in which two anti parallel polynucleotide strands are coiled in a right-handed manner about the same axis
A polymer that contains sections of one homopolymer that have been grafted onto a chain of the other homopolymer.
The structure of the transition state for an exothermic step looks more like the reactants of that step than the products. Conversely, the structure of the transition state for an endothermic step looks more like the products of that step than the reactants.
Compounds formed between two different halogen elements. Examples include IBr and BrF3. (Section 22.4)
inversion of configuration
During a reaction, when the configuration of a chirality center is changed.
A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system and its surroundings to their original states. Any spontaneous process is irreversible. (Section 19.1)
Compounds whose molecules have the same overall composition but different structures. (Sections 2.9 and 23.4)
A measure of the strength of an acid: Ka = Keq 3H2O4 = 3H3O+ 4 3A- 4 3HA4
A point in space where the value of a wave function is zero
Biological damage caused by photosensitizers, light, and oxygen, used to kill tumor and other cells.
A law stating that the partial pressure of a solvent over a solution, Psolution, is given by the vapor pressure of the pure solvent, P° solvent, times the mole fraction of a solvent in the solution, Xsolvent: Psolution = XsolventP° solvent. (Section 13.5)
An equation that relates the reaction rate to the concentrations of reactants (and sometimes of products also). (Section 14.3)
Hydrolysis of an ester in the presence of a base. (Section 24.4)
Reactions in which one group is replaced by another group.