- 5.14.39: What is each compounds systematic name?
- 5.14.40: Which is more stable?
- 5.14.41: Draw the structure of a hydrocarbon that has six carbon atoms anda....
- 5.14.42: Draw the condensed structure for each of the following:a. (Z)-1,3,5...
- 5.14.43: Draw the skeletal structures for the compounds in 42.
- 5.14.44: a. Draw the condensed structures and give the systematic names for ...
- 5.14.45: Name the following:
- 5.14.46: Of the compounds you named in 45:a. Which is the most stable? b. Wh...
- 5.14.47: Of the compounds you named in 45:a. Which is the most stable? b. Wh...
- 5.14.48: Draw curved arrows to show the flow of electrons responsible for th...
- 5.14.49: Draw the skeletal structure of 3,3-dimethyl-7-(1-methylethyl)-6-(1-...
- 5.14.50: In a reaction in which reactant A is in equilibrium with product B ...
- 5.14.51: Which bond is stronger? Briefly explain why.a. CH3 Cl or CH3 Br b. ...
- 5.14.52: Squalene, a hydrocarbon with molecular formula C30H50, is obtained ...
- 5.14.53: For each of the following compounds, draw the possible geometric is...
- 5.14.54: By following the curved red arrows, draw the product(s) of each of ...
- 5.14.55: How many of the following names are correct? Correct the incorrect ...
- 5.14.56: a. How many alkenes could you treat with H2, Pd/C to prepare methyl...
- 5.14.57: a. How many alkenes could you treat with H2, Pd/C to prepare methyl...
- 5.14.58: Given the reaction coordinate diagram for the reaction of A to form...
- 5.14.59: a. Which of the following reactions has the larger S value?b. Is th...
- 5.14.60: Draw the structure of a compound with molecular C8H14 that reacts w...
- 5.14.61: a. What is the equilibrium constant for a reaction that is carried ...
- 5.14.62: Using curved arrows, show the mechanism of the following reaction:
- 5.14.63: For a reaction carried out at 25 C with an equilibrium constant of ...
- 5.14.64: Given that the free energy of the twist-boat conformer of cyclohexa...
- 5.14.65: From the following rate constants, determined at five temperatures,...
Solutions for Chapter 5.14: Catalysis by Enzymes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
acid ionization constant (Ka).
The equilibrium constant for the acid ionization. (15.5)
A basic nitrogen-containing compound of plant origin, many of which are physiologically active when administered to humans.
Particles that are identical to helium-4 nuclei, consisting of two protons and two neutrons, symbol 4 2He or 4 2a. (Section 21.1)
Compounds containing a nitrogen atom that is connected to one, two, or three alkyl or aryl groups.
A steroid hormone, such as testosterone, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics of males.
base-dissociation constant (Kb)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which a base reacts with solvent water, accepting a proton and forming OH-1aq2. (Section 16.7)
A polyhydroxyaldehyde, a polyhydroxyketone, or a substance that gives these compounds on hydrolysis.
A polymer that is formed under conditions in which the monomers do not react directly with each other, but rather, each monomer is added to the growing chain, one at a time.
Important biological molecules that catalyze virtually all cellular processes.
A cyclic ether containing a three-membered ring system. Also called an oxirane (also see Sect. 14.7).
The practice in which water laden with sand and other materials is pumped at high pressure into rock formations to release natural gas and other petroleum materials. (Section 18.4)
The lowest energy state of a system.
In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a halogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.
Heat of reaction (DH0 )
The difference in enthalpy between reactants and products. If the enthalpy of products is lower than that of the reactants, heat is released and the reaction is exothermic. If the enthalpy of the products is higher than that of the reactants, energy is absorbed, and the reaction is endothermic
An alloy in which the components are not distributed uniformly; instead, two or more distinct phases with characteristic compositions are present. (Section 12.3)
A substance added to a solution that changes color when the added solute has reacted with all the solute present in solution. The most common type of indicator is an acid–base indicator whose color changes as a function of pH. (Section 4.6)
Anything that occupies space and has mass; the physical material of the universe. (Section 1.1)
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of four peaks.
A radioisotope that can be used to trace the path of an element in a chemical system. (Section 21.5)
Hydrolysis of an ester in the presence of a base. (Section 24.4)