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Solutions for Chapter 5.14: Catalysis by Enzymes

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134042282 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780134042282

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134042282 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 5.14: Catalysis by Enzymes

Solutions for Chapter 5.14
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: Paula Yurkanis Bruice
ISBN: 9780134042282

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 27 problems in chapter 5.14: Catalysis by Enzymes have been answered, more than 35481 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 5.14: Catalysis by Enzymes includes 27 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134042282. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid ionization constant (Ka).

    The equilibrium constant for the acid ionization. (15.5)

  • Alkaloid

    A basic nitrogen-containing compound of plant origin, many of which are physiologically active when administered to humans.

  • alpha particles

    Particles that are identical to helium-4 nuclei, consisting of two protons and two neutrons, symbol 4 2He or 4 2a. (Section 21.1)

  • amine

    Compounds containing a nitrogen atom that is connected to one, two, or three alkyl or aryl groups.

  • Androgen

    A steroid hormone, such as testosterone, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics of males.

  • base-dissociation constant (Kb)

    An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which a base reacts with solvent water, accepting a proton and forming OH-1aq2. (Section 16.7)

  • Carbohydrate

    A polyhydroxyaldehyde, a polyhydroxyketone, or a substance that gives these compounds on hydrolysis.

  • chain-growth polymer

    A polymer that is formed under conditions in which the monomers do not react directly with each other, but rather, each monomer is added to the growing chain, one at a time.

  • enzymes

    Important biological molecules that catalyze virtually all cellular processes.

  • epoxide

    A cyclic ether containing a three-membered ring system. Also called an oxirane (also see Sect. 14.7).

  • fracking

    The practice in which water laden with sand and other materials is pumped at high pressure into rock formations to release natural gas and other petroleum materials. (Section 18.4)

  • Ground state

    The lowest energy state of a system.

  • halogen abstraction

    In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a halogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.

  • Heat of reaction (DH0 )

    The difference in enthalpy between reactants and products. If the enthalpy of products is lower than that of the reactants, heat is released and the reaction is exothermic. If the enthalpy of the products is higher than that of the reactants, energy is absorbed, and the reaction is endothermic

  • heterogeneous alloy

    An alloy in which the components are not distributed uniformly; instead, two or more distinct phases with characteristic compositions are present. (Section 12.3)

  • indicator

    A substance added to a solution that changes color when the added solute has reacted with all the solute present in solution. The most common type of indicator is an acid–base indicator whose color changes as a function of pH. (Section 4.6)

  • matter

    Anything that occupies space and has mass; the physical material of the universe. (Section 1.1)

  • quartet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of four peaks.

  • radiotracer

    A radioisotope that can be used to trace the path of an element in a chemical system. (Section 21.5)

  • saponification

    Hydrolysis of an ester in the presence of a base. (Section 24.4)

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