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Solutions for Chapter 6.8: The Addition of Borane to an Alkene: HydroborationOxidation
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 6.8: The Addition of Borane to an Alkene: HydroborationOxidationGet Full Solutions
acid-dissociation constant (Ka)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which an acid transfers a proton to solvent water. (Section 16.6)
Compounds with a carbonyl functional group and the general formula RCHO, where R is an H atom, an alkyl, or an aromatic group. (24.4)
A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (4.4)
In electrocyclic reactions,a type of rotation in which the orbitals being used to form the new s bond must rotate in the same way.
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the way the atoms are connected.
An ordered crystalline region in the solid state of a polymer. Also called a crystallite.
electromagnetic radiation (radiant energy)
A form of energy that has wave characteristics and that propagates through a vacuum at the characteristic speed of 3.00 * 108 m >s. (Section 6.1)
A property of the electron that makes it behave as though it were a tiny magnet. The electron behaves as if it were spinning on its axis; electron spin is quantized. (Section 6.7)
A model for the behavior of electrons in metals. (Section 12.4)
A measure of the ability of an atom that is bonded to another atom to attract electrons to itself. (Section 8.4)
electrophilic aromatic substitution
A substitution reaction in which an aromatic proton is replaced by an electrophile and the aromatic moiety is preserved.
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on different-type ions point in opposite directions but do not fully cancel out. (Section 23.1)
An acetal that is obtained by treating the cyclic hemiacetal form of a monosaccharide with an alcohol under acid-catalyzed conditions.
Hückel criteria for aromaticity
To be aromatic, a monocyclic compound must have one 2p orbital on each atom of the ring, be planar or nearly so, and have (4n 1 2) p electrons in the cyclic arrangement of 2p orbitals
A spherical arrangement of organic molecules in water solution clustered so that their hydrophobic parts are buried inside the sphere and their hydrophilic parts are on the surface of the sphere and in contact with water
A substance produced in a chemical reaction; it appears to the right of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)
Any chemical species that contains one or more unpaired electrons.
An ester of glycerol with three fatty acids
An element, such as nitrogen, that forms three bonds.
A reagent used to perform a Wittig reaction.