Solutions for Chapter 6.12: Regioselective, Stereoselective, And Stereospecific Reactions
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 6.12: Regioselective, Stereoselective, And Stereospecific ReactionsGet Full Solutions
A pattern of variation in the amount of light absorbed by a sample as a function of wavelength. (Section 23.5)
A carbohydrate that contains an aldehyde group.
The positions that are adjacent to the vinylic positions of a carboncarbon double bond.
A synthetic method that employs diethyl acetamidomalonate as the starting material and enables the preparation of racemic a-amino acids.
A solution in which the solvent is water. (4.1)
A device for measuring the heat evolved in the combustion of a substance under constant-volume conditions. (Section 5.5)
A CRO bond. carboxylic acid derivative (Sect. 21.6): A compound that is similar in structure to a carboxylic acid (RCOOH) but the OH group of the carboxylic acid has been replaced with a different group, Z, where Z is a heteroatom such as Cl, O, N, etc. Nitriles (R!C#N) are also considered to be carboxylic acid derivatives because they have the same oxidation state as carboxylic acids.
A state that is achieved when a compound absorbs energy.
A carbanion with the structure RMgX.
A reaction which involves the addition of a halogen and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.
A reaction in which a carboxylic acid undergoes a-halogenation when treated with bromine in the presence of PBr3.
Atoms or groups on an atom that give an achiral molecule when one of the groups is replaced by another group. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of propane, for example, are homotopic. Replacing either one of them with deuterium gives 2-deuteropropane, which is achiral. Homotopic groups have identical chemical shifts under all conditions
Lewis dot structure
The symbol of an element surrounded by a number of dots equal to the number of electrons in the valence shell of the atom
A compound that lacks a ring with a continuous system of overlapping p orbitals.
A carbohydrate containing four to ten monosaccharide units, each joined to the next by a glycosidic bond.
The loss of electrons. Alternatively, either the loss of hydrogens, the gain of oxygens, or both.
When electromagnetic radiation is viewed as a particle, an individual packet of energy.
For a chiral compound that is subjected to plane-polarized light, the observed rotation when a standard concentration (1 g/mL) and a standard path length (1 dm) are used.
A polymer in which the repeating units contain chirality centers which have alternating configuration.
A signal of an NMR spectrum that is shifted toward the right (smaller chemical shift) on the chart paper.