- 7.6.12: What is the major product of each of the following reactions?
- 7.6.13: Drawing on what you know about the stereochemistry of alkene additi...
Solutions for Chapter 7.6: The Addition of Hydrogen Halides and the Addition of Halogens to an Alkyne
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 7.6: The Addition of Hydrogen Halides and the Addition of Halogens to an AlkyneGet Full Solutions
A carbocation in which an allylic carbon bears the positive charge.
Bond dipole moment
A measure of the polarity of a covalent bond. The product of the charge on either atom of a polar bond times the distance between the atoms
A technique by which compounds are separated from each other based on a difference in the way they interact with the medium (the adsorbent) through which they are passed.
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the way the atoms are connected.
coordinate covalent bond.
A bond in which the pair of electrons is supplied by one of the two bonded atoms; also called a dative bond. (9.9)
degree of substitution
For alkenes, a classification method that refers to the number of alkyl groups connected to the double bond.
free energy (Gibbs free energy, G)
A thermodynamic state function that gives a criterion for spontaneous change in terms of enthalpy and entropy: G = H - TS. (Section 19.5)
frontier orbital theory
The analysis of a reaction using MO theory, where only the frontier orbitals (HOMO and LUMO) are considered.
A drawing style inwhich the electrons take center stage.linear polymer (Sect. 27.6): A polymer thathas only a minimal amount of branching or nobranching at all.
In a BaeyerVilliger oxidation, the migration rates of different groups, which determine the regiochemical outcome of the reaction.
In NMR spectroscopy, if n is the number of neighboring protons, then the multiplicity will be n+1.
A compound containing an electron-rich atom that is capable of donating a pair of electrons.
A process in which a substance loses one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)
polar covalent bond
A bond in which the difference in electronegative values of the two atoms is between 0.5 and 1.7.
A biopolymer formed from amino acids. (Section 24.7)
An intermediate that has both a negative charge and an unpaired electron.
The difference in energy between a resonance hybrid and the most stable of its hypothetical contributing structures in which electrons are localized on particular atoms and in particular bonds.
A name that is assigned using the rules of IUPAC nomenclature.
The right side of an NMRspectrum.
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion theory, which can be used to predict the geometry around an atom.