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Solutions for Chapter 7.12: An Introduction to Multistep Synthesis

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134042282 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780134042282

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134042282 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 7.12: An Introduction to Multistep Synthesis

Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134042282. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 7.12: An Introduction to Multistep Synthesis includes 15 full step-by-step solutions. Since 15 problems in chapter 7.12: An Introduction to Multistep Synthesis have been answered, more than 31108 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-Hydrogen

    A hydrogen on a carbon alpha to a carbonyl group.

  • Addition reaction

    A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms react with a double bond, forming a compound with the two new groups bonded to the carbons of the original double bond.

  • amine

    Compounds containing a nitrogen atom that is connected to one, two, or three alkyl or aryl groups.

  • chemical energy.

    Energy stored within the structural units of chemical substances. (6.1)

  • chemical equilibrium

    A state of dynamic balance in which the rate of formation of the products of a reaction from the reactants equals the rate of formation of the reactants from the products; at equilibrium the concentrations of the reactants and products remain constant. (Section 4.1;Chapter 15: Introduction)

  • delocalized molecular orbitals.

    Molecular orbitals that are not confined between two adjacent bonding atoms but actually extend over three or more atoms. (10.8)

  • diffusion.

    The gradual mixing of molecules of one gas with the molecules of another by virtue of their kinetic properties. (5.7)

  • divalent

    An element that forms two bonds, such as oxygen.

  • equilibrium-constant expression

    The expression that describes the relationship among the concentrations (or partial pressures) of the substances present in a system at equilibrium. The numerator is obtained by multiplying the concentrations of the substances on the product side of the equation, each raised to a power equal to its coefficient in the chemical equation. The denominator similarly contains the concentrations of the substances on the reactant side of the equation. (Section 15.2)

  • Friedel-Crafts alkylation

    An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that installs an alkyl group on an aromatic ring.

  • high-resolution mass spectrometry

    A technique that involves the use of a detector that can measure the m/z values to four decimal places.This technique allows for the determination of the molecular formula of an unknown compound.

  • intermediate

    A structure corresponding to a local minimum (valley) in an energy diagram.

  • Meisenheimer complex

    Theresonance-stabilized intermediate of a nucleophilicaromatic substitution reaction.

  • Melt transition (Tm)

    The temperature at which crystalline regions of a polymer melt.

  • oxime

    A compound with the structure R2CRN!OH.

  • oxirane

    A cyclic ether containing a three-membered ring system. Also called an epoxide.

  • Plane of symmetry

    An imaginary plane passing through an object dividing it so that one half is the mirror image of the other half

  • retention time

    The amount of time required for a compound to exit from a gas chromatograph.

  • saponification

    Hydrolysis of an ester in the presence of a base. (Section 24.4)

  • vicinal

    A term used to describe two identical groups attached to adjacent carbon atoms.

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