- 7.12.28: How could the following compounds be synthesized from acetylene?
- 7.12.29: What is the major product obtained from the reaction of each of the...
- 7.12.30: Draw a condensed structure for each of the following:a. 2-hexyne e....
- 7.12.31: A student was given the structural formulas of several compounds an...
- 7.12.32: Identify the electrophile and the nucleophile in each of the follow...
- 7.12.33: What is each compounds systematic name?
- 7.12.34: What reagents should be used to carry out the following syntheses?
- 7.12.35: a. Draw the structures and give the common and systematic names for...
- 7.12.36: Draw the mechanism for the following reaction:
- 7.12.37: How can the following compounds be synthesized, starting with a hyd...
- 7.12.38: What reagents would you use for the following syntheses?a. (Z)-3-he...
- 7.12.39: What is the major product of the reaction of 1 mol of propyne with ...
- 7.12.40: Answer 39, parts ah, using 2-butyne as the starting material instea...
- 7.12.41: What is each compounds systematic name?
- 7.12.42: What is the molecular formula of a hydrocarbon that has 1 triple bo...
Solutions for Chapter 7.12: An Introduction to Multistep Synthesis
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition
A hydrogen on a carbon alpha to a carbonyl group.
A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms react with a double bond, forming a compound with the two new groups bonded to the carbons of the original double bond.
Compounds containing a nitrogen atom that is connected to one, two, or three alkyl or aryl groups.
Energy stored within the structural units of chemical substances. (6.1)
A state of dynamic balance in which the rate of formation of the products of a reaction from the reactants equals the rate of formation of the reactants from the products; at equilibrium the concentrations of the reactants and products remain constant. (Section 4.1;Chapter 15: Introduction)
delocalized molecular orbitals.
Molecular orbitals that are not confined between two adjacent bonding atoms but actually extend over three or more atoms. (10.8)
The gradual mixing of molecules of one gas with the molecules of another by virtue of their kinetic properties. (5.7)
An element that forms two bonds, such as oxygen.
The expression that describes the relationship among the concentrations (or partial pressures) of the substances present in a system at equilibrium. The numerator is obtained by multiplying the concentrations of the substances on the product side of the equation, each raised to a power equal to its coefficient in the chemical equation. The denominator similarly contains the concentrations of the substances on the reactant side of the equation. (Section 15.2)
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that installs an alkyl group on an aromatic ring.
high-resolution mass spectrometry
A technique that involves the use of a detector that can measure the m/z values to four decimal places.This technique allows for the determination of the molecular formula of an unknown compound.
A structure corresponding to a local minimum (valley) in an energy diagram.
Theresonance-stabilized intermediate of a nucleophilicaromatic substitution reaction.
Melt transition (Tm)
The temperature at which crystalline regions of a polymer melt.
A compound with the structure R2CRN!OH.
A cyclic ether containing a three-membered ring system. Also called an epoxide.
Plane of symmetry
An imaginary plane passing through an object dividing it so that one half is the mirror image of the other half
The amount of time required for a compound to exit from a gas chromatograph.
Hydrolysis of an ester in the presence of a base. (Section 24.4)
A term used to describe two identical groups attached to adjacent carbon atoms.