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Solutions for Chapter 15: Reactions of Carboxylic Acids and Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134042282 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

ISBN: 9780134042282

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134042282 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 15: Reactions of Carboxylic Acids and Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

Solutions for Chapter 15
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: Paula Yurkanis Bruice
ISBN: 9780134042282

Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134042282. Chapter 15: Reactions of Carboxylic Acids and Carboxylic Acid Derivatives includes 92 full step-by-step solutions. Since 92 problems in chapter 15: Reactions of Carboxylic Acids and Carboxylic Acid Derivatives have been answered, more than 32881 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • amphiprotic

    Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)

  • beta elimination

    An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.

  • diol

    A compound containing two hydroxyl groups (OH).

  • electrostatic potential maps

    A three-dimensional, rainbowlike image used to visualize partial charges in a compound.

  • Ester

    A derivative of a carboxylic acid in which H of the carboxyl group is replaced by a carbon.

  • formula weight

    The mass of the collection of atoms represented by a chemical formula. For example, the formula weight of NO2 (46.0 amu) is the sum of the masses of one nitrogen atom and two oxygen atoms. (Section 3.3)

  • ground state

    The lowest-energy, or most stable, state. (Section 6.3)

  • heat of reaction

    The heat given off during a reaction.

  • Hydroperoxide

    A compound containing an !OOH group.

  • imidazole

    A compound containing a five-membered ring that is similar to pyrrole but has one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.

  • Imine

    A compound containing a carbon-nitrogen double bond, R2C"NR’; also called a Schiff base

  • Infrared (IR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.

  • molality

    The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per kilogram of solvent; abbreviated m. (Section 13.4)

  • nucleotide

    Compounds formed from a molecule of phosphoric acid, a sugar molecule, and an organic nitrogen base. Nucleotides form linear polymers called DNA and RNA, which are involved in protein synthesis and cell reproduction. (Section 24.10)

  • positron

    A particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, 0 +1e, or b+. (Section 21.1)

  • second order

    A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is two.

  • secondary cell

    A voltaic cell that can be recharged. (Section 20.7)

  • spontaneous process

    A process that is capable of proceeding in a given direction, as written or described, without needing to be driven by an outside source of energy. A process may be spontaneous even though it is very slow. (Section 19.1)

  • Thermodynamic control

    Experimental conditions that permit the establishment of equilibrium between two or more products of a reaction. The composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative stabilities of the products.

  • Wohl degradation

    A process that involves the removal of a carbon atom from an aldose. The aldehyde group is first converted to a cyanohydrin, followed by loss of HCN in the presence of a base.

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