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Solutions for Chapter 4: Acids and Bases

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781133952848 | Authors: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9781133952848

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781133952848 | Authors: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote

Solutions for Chapter 4: Acids and Bases

Solutions for Chapter 4
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 7
Author: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote
ISBN: 9781133952848

Since 49 problems in chapter 4: Acids and Bases have been answered, more than 56763 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781133952848. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. Chapter 4: Acids and Bases includes 49 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkoxy substituent

    An OR group.

  • alpha (a) anomer

    The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is trans to the CH2OH

  • anomers

    Stereoisomeric cyclic hemiacetals of an aldose or ketose that differ from each other in their configuration at the anomeric carbon.

  • Azeotrope

    A liquid mixture of constant composition with a boiling point that is different from that of any of its components.

  • basic oxide (basic anhydride)

    An oxide that either reacts with water to form a base or reacts with an acid to form a salt and water. (Section 22.5)

  • boiling-point elevation (DTb).

    The boiling point of the solution (Tb) minus the boiling point of the pure solvent (T° b). (12.6)

  • calorimetry.

    The measurement of heat changes. (6.5)

  • carbonyl group

    The C “O double bond, a characteristic feature of several organic functional groups, such as ketones and aldehydes. (Section 24.4)

  • crown ether

    Cyclic polyethers whose molecular models resemble crowns.

  • dehydration

    An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and OH.

  • electromotive force (emf)

    A measure of the driving force, or electrical pressure, for the completion of an electrochemical reaction. Electromotive force is measured in volts: 1 V = 1 J>C. Also called the cell potential. (Section 20.4)

  • Excited state

    A state of a system at higher energy than the ground state.

  • free induction decay

    In NMR spectroscopy, a complex signal which is a combination of all of the electrical impulses generated by each type of proton.

  • fuel cell

    A voltaic cell that utilizes the oxidation of a conventional fuel, such as H2 or CH4, in the cell reaction. (Section 20.7)

  • Hammond postulate

    In an exothermic process the transition state is closer in energy to the reactants than to the products, and therefore the structure of the transition state more closely resembles the reactants. In contrast, the transition state in an endothermic process is closer in energy to the products, and therefore the transition state more closely resembles the products.

  • initiation

    In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which radicals are created.

  • metal complex

    An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases bonded to it. (Section 23.2)

  • polarizability

    The ability of an atom or molecule to distribute its electron density unevenly in response to external influences.

  • protium

    The most common isotope of hydrogen. (Section 22.2)

  • staggered conformation

    A conformation in which nearby groups in a Newman projection have a dihedral angle of 60°.